Archive for the ‘Muslim World’ Category

Scientific Elaboration of Surah At-Tin (Fig) 95, verse 4

February 3, 2018

“We have indeed created man in the best of the moulds”

Image result for pic of microtubules

Sometimes back, I came across a scientific research about the evidence of God through the existence of design in molecular cell’s formation and functioning. The link to which is available below. This research mainly deals with the human development and functioning based on molecular activities. This research explains the above verse with amazing comprehensiveness.

“It is widely known that the DNA is a sophisticated information storage device; encoding complex specified information to make proteins, and directing many highly complex processes in the cell. What is less known, is that there are several other code systems as well, namely the histone*1 binding code, transcription factor binding code, the splicing code, and the RNA secondary structure code. And there is yet another astonishing code system, called the tubuline*2 code, which is being unraveled in recent scientific research. It is known so far that amongst other things, it directs and signals Kinesin*3 and Myosin*4 motor proteins precisely where and when to disengage from nanomolecular*5 superhighways and deliver their cargo. 

 Here is the link to the site to read through.

Molecular biology of the cell


“We have indeed created man in the best of the moulds.”

The term “taqweem” means to form something into an appropriate shape and in a moderate regulation. The capaciousness of the meaning refers to the fact that Allah has created malt proportionately in all respects; from physical point of view; spiritual and rational point of view, because He has settled all faculties in him and prepared him appropriately to cover a great path towards a perfect development. Although man is a ‘microcosm’, He has set the ‘macrocosm’ in him and has promoted him to such a high position that it is said: “We have honored the sons of Adam…” (17:70)

This assertion has been aptly explained in another research paper which is as follows.

Dr. Francis Collins, director of the Human Genome Project (that mapped the human DNA structure) said that one can “think of DNA as an instructional script, a software program, sitting in the nucleus of the cell.”5

Perry Marshall, an information specialist, comments on the implications of this.

“There has never existed a computer program that wasn’t designed…[whether it is] a code, or a program, or a message given through a language, there is always an intelligent mind behind it.”6

Just as former atheist Dr. Antony Flew questioned, it is legitimate to ask oneself regarding this three billion letter code instructing the cell…who wrote this script? Who placed this working code, inside the cell?

It’s like walking along the beach and you see in the sand, “Mike loves Michelle.” You know the waves rolling up on the beach didn’t form that–a person wrote that. It is a precise message. It is clear communication. In the same way, the ing in our cells?

The reason why man is given such a coveted status and endowed with unparallel qualities is because the whole universe revolves around him. He is endowed with characteristics which are like that of the God Himself, such as knowledge, power, Hearing, sight, speaking, compassion and Wisdom. This has been elucidated in Surah Al Qiyamah,# 75, V-2 saying “Lo! We Created man from a drop of thickened fluid; so we made him hearing, and understanding” means endowed him with intellect and consciousness for the test. (The word “Taqweem” signifies setting something on the best of the foundations). Word “amshaj” (thickened fluid) in this verse expresses the combination of human cardinal humors/fluids, blood, phlegm, choler and melancholy, constituents of human semen (sperm).

Human beings rank higher than the Angels. A quote from my article “Mysteries of Creation” published on 02/04/2008. “There is very distinct and subtle difference between Human and Angels. The former bear the mysterious knowledge of the Creator and His Essence, along with the tendency to transgress. Whereas Angels have, only the knowledge of the entire spectrum of the creation with absolute servitude without any free will or desires” It is aptly summarized in Surah Bani-Israel 17, V-70 “And we bestowed dignity to the children of Adam (R.A)” “Dignity” in this verse implies the widest range of attributes and characteristics. Speech (with requisite eloquence for praising his lord) is one such attribute which distinguishes man from the rest of the creations. If a man knows God for thousands of years but does not confess would be virtually an infidel. (Not undertaking the pronouncement of the Article of faith). God has bidden all believers to give thanks and praise Him, rehearse His bounties, supplicate; He would answer the supplicants.

Yet another reason, which signifies man’s special position in the Universe, is his makeup:

Man is made of 10 constituents, 5 of which belongs to the Realm of the Divine-Ordinance (Aalame-Amar) and other 5 belongs to the Realm of Divine-Creation (Aalame Khalq).

These are Heart, Soul, Mystery, Secret, Secret of Secret—-&—–Dust, Water, Air, Fire and Self (Nafs).  This special formation of man endows him with the capacity to absorb the light of Divine Guidance; hence worthy of being vice regent of his Creator to whom angels were asked to prostrate in gratitude to their Lord, who created such a marvelous being.

It can be elaborated further by quoting parts of sufic interpretation of this verse.

“Mankind is the substance and the revolving (spheres are) his incidental (qualities).9

 “O you (man) (in regard to whom) reason, deliberations, and understanding (are) your slaves, why do you sell yourself (so) cheaply as this?1
“(Since) service toward you is an indispensable duty for all existence, how should a substance seek help from an incidental quality?” “You are the ocean of knowledge hidden in a dewdrop; you are the world hidden in a body three cubits long”

  1. “We have honored [the sons of Adam]’: Qur’an 17:70. Here, the One God speaks in the “royal plural” tense– a verse interpreted by the Sufis to mean honored above all creation, including the angels, who did not know the “names” [the Names of God, according to the Sufic interpretation], which Adam knew, but the angels did not (Qur’an 2: 31-33). 
  2. “Primary aim [`araz](beseeching)… incidental (qualities) [gharaz](need): Nicholson translated, “Man is the substance, and the celestial sphere is his accident.” He explained the “celestial sphere” means “the world” [Footnote]. These two terms, which rhyme, refer to the philosophical difference between the essential substance of something and its “accidental” or external aspects which happen to manifest. Here, it means that the saintly man or woman is the primary end of creation,
  3. and the planets, stars, and the rest of the creation are secondary aspects”. 
  4.  “Why do you sell yourself (so) cheaply as this: Nicholson referred to another verse of the

Mathnawi (which he translated), “Man has sold himself cheaply: he was satin, he has sewn himself on (become attached) to a tattered cloak.” (III: 1001) And he explained that “a tattered cloak means “the body and the carnal nature.”.

At another place in Qura’an, in Surah Abas (Frowning) 80, V 16, 19 God questions man “Of what material have you been made, A drop of semen?” It is reminder of his humble beginning; then He declares how he destined him with attributes, faculties, and limbs and then made his way easy from that stage till his death. It is said that during the pregnancy a child is pre-destined of 4 things, sustenance, age, life style (sinful or pious) and his state of leading a happy or sad life. (H) The word “Qaddarahu” means everything granted to him was well calculated, measured, balanced and made to suit the purpose of his existence. A child is conceived and developed under three layers of darkness:  the belly, the womb and amniotic membrane.(whole process of conception revealed has been verified by medical science). 

 One of the wonders of man’s birth is that a few moments before the time of nativity the child is so located in the mother’s womb that usually its head is right side up, its face is to the mother’s back and its feet are toward the down side of the womb; but when the time of birth comes, the child turns upside down so that its head is downwards, and this very position makes the birth (process) easier for both the child and its mother. There are, of course, exceptions where some children are born under various complications therefore, their mothers encounter many difficulties.

 After studying the research presented and the above passages there should remain no doubt in any rational being’s mind about the God’s existence, His omnipotence, and Human-being being the most high in the chain of creation; which He has described as His vice-regent on the earth. (For, Man is not what eats, drinks, and suffers decays but a Divine mystery, of which body is the vesture, situated in the interfusion of natural humors and in the union of body and spirit). 

*Definitions of scientific terms used in this piece.   

Histones:–are highly alkaline proteins found in eukaryotic cell nuclei that package and order the DNA into structural units called nucleosomes.

Tubulinin molecular biology can refer either to the tubulin protein superfamily of globular proteins, or one of the member proteins of that superfamily.

kinesinis a protein belonging to a class of motor proteins found in eukaryotic cells.

myosin. (mī’ə-sĭn) A protein found in muscle tissue as a thick filament made up of an aggregate of similar proteins.

nanomolecular(not comparable) Describing any nanoscale process that involves the manipulation of individual molecules.

Is the United States of America better served by immigrant assimilation and the melting pot model or the mosaic approach of multiculturalism?

December 30, 2017



Image result for pic of diverse group of people

Not based on any research but my personal observations, the melting pot model of the USA is on the decline to a great extent. It is mostly being replaced by multiculturalism, as most of the new genre of immigrants have centuries-old religiously followed values and do not like to give them up by assimilating into an alien culture.

Melting pot assimilation model continued when the immigration was mainly from the western or quasi-western countries in which case the assimilation into almost similar culture was but a natural phenomenon. Melting post-assimilation has lost its efficacy and practicality due to the paucity of assimilable immigrants. Fusion results in the heavy and unstable nucleus with a violent burst of energy.

Multiculturalism is a trendy mosaic of the time and would continue as long as, the economic disparity exists between the East and the West.

It is, in my opinion, Multicultural mosaic is more beneficial than the melting post-assimilation model for the West in general and the USA in particular; for it would rearrange the cultural, ethical and social values; weeding out the aggression and indifference to vices out of the western societies, making them more humane and civilized.

The mosaic approach of multiculturalism entails a rearrangement of living constituents in a natural and organic way.

People from S.E Asia, South Asia, South America and even contiguous Mexico do not have an interest or inclination, despite becoming American citizens, to lose their distinct identities. The same goes for Muslims and to a lesser degree for Jews and some other religious groups.

Surprisingly, Indians are the only group of immigrants who show an uncharacteristic of South Asians eagerness to assimilate, even by pretending to act, talk and live like Americans. They would sacrifice their centuries-old traditions, social, cultural and moral values in a heartbeat. They would also give up their Indian Nationality for India does not allow dual Nationality. Seemingly it is the inferiority complex which is causing this weird behavior. Unfortunately, however, despite all this, they miserably fail in their endeavor owing to their ingrained traits and culturally regressive habits.

Islamic State, An Enemy!

December 26, 2017

National Interest, Domineering or Just Hypocrisy?

 Raqqa: Islamic State’s Capital falls to US-backed Syrian forces—BBC News. (20th Sept 2017) Reuter reported it on 17th of Oct, 2017

There was important but least reported news about letting the Syrian local insurgents out of RAQQA. Ex-President of Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai revealed that IS fighters are present in Afghanistan and being supplied ammunition by the Coalition’s unmarked Helicopters. It, however, fell on deaf ears for people were at a loss to connect the two stories.

The US army transfer ISIS terrorists to Nangarhar of Afghanistan

Senior MP: US helicopters transfer tens of ISIS terrorists to Afghanistan


(Ahlul-Bayt News Agency) – A senior Afghan legislator revealed that the US helicopters have transferred a large number of ISIS terrorists to the province of Nangarhar in the Eastern parts of the country.

Last week, the US military helicopters transferred over 50 ISIS fighters to Barabad region of the town of Behsoud in Nangarhar province, Zahir Qadir said. He also disclosed that a container full of military equipment was also delivered to the ISIS terrorists in Nari Obeh region of Nangarhar province.

Syrian authorities have caught US military aircraft secretly transporting ISIS terrorists out of Syria to unknown destinations. 

US military caught transporting ISIS militants out of Syria

According to senior Syrian legislator Ammar al-Assad, the United States is helping ISIS to escape Raqqa, where Russian and Syrian forces are successfully defeating the terrorist organization. reports: Assad said that the US is now transferring the ISIL terrorists from Syria, especially Raqqa province, to unknown places.

 Raqqa was turned into rubble due to constant bombing by the Syrian, Russian and coalition forces and almost all of the three hundred thousand residents were forced to move out. The only ones left were well dug in Islamic State fighters.

Although IS presence in Raqqa was beneficial to almost all the parties to the conflict, but their presence by the Coalition forces was needed elsewhere; where the leader of the Western Pack (USA) is facing an uphill task; even after a decade of fighting (using technologically most advanced war toys) and spending over a Trillion Dollars—Afghanistan (known bastion of a ragtag army—TALIBAN and a GRAVEYARD of EMPIRES). Here it shall serve many purposes. Fight Taliban, Destabilize Pakistan; Pose an imminent threat to Iran, a proxy militia to West’s new Darling India–to help prop up the Indian role of a policeman in the area. India has supplied IS with atomic waste to be used in making of dirty bombs.

Islamic State’s presence was beneficial to Basher Al Assad for decimating any of his opponents labeling them as IS fighters. It was pivotal for the Russian involvement in support of Syria. West’s involvement in the Middle East was also legitimized by the presence of IS. Moreover, it was fighting the Syrian army and Hezbollah fighters, the main targets of the Western forces.

IS fighters as per the agreement reached were transported out of their stronghold Raqqa for three days and nights; on private buses and trucks, for ultimate destination Afghanistan.

Basher Al Assad; an underdog, now the winner, holds 50 % or more of the Syrian land—12 out of 14 Governorates– as compared to 19 % before. He is acquiesced to continue as president of Syria and his removal has been shelved for good. Russia perpetuated her role in the Middle East in particular and the world in general.  President Donald Trump, during his recent trip, concurred with President Putin on a negotiated settlement of Syrian conflict, rather than the Military solution. What a capitulation to the Russian maneuvering!

Unfortunately, however, it is the Syrian civilians who got trampled in this fight of the elephants.

 End Result.

In 2016, from an estimated pre-war population of 22 million, the United Nations (UN) identified 13.5 million Syrians requiring humanitarian assistance, of which more than 6 million are internally displaced within Syria, and around 5 million are refugees outside of Syria. They were forced to abandon their homes and take refuge in neighboring countries, Europe and Turkey.

 More than five hundred thousands innocent civilians got killed.

(American Trade Tower attack (9/11), 3000-innocent killed, was avenged by destroying two un-related countries. 500k innocent killed then, by this very yardstick, would need 166.6 countries to avenge!).

Tazkiyyah-a-Nafs, (Self-Control).

December 24, 2017

“And keep yourself patient [by being] with those who call upon their Lord in the morning and the evening, seeking His countenance. And let not your eyes pass beyond them, desiring adornments of the worldly life, and do not obey one whose heart We have made heedless of Our remembrance and who follows his desire and whose affair is ever [in] neglect” (Q,18:28)


Keep your-self (Nafs) restrained/subdued by being in the company of those, who keep busy remembering their Lord, day and night (morn, eve) seeking His pleasure/approval/mercy. Do not let your-self (Nafs) evade their company by being attracted to the adornments of fleeting life (temporary worldly life). Do not be in the company of someone whose heart, We have rendered, barren of Our remembrance. The one who is the slave of his desires and, his disposition is utter neglect. 


(This may have also provided a justification (deduced) for   “Majalis” & “Halaqa”— group chanting, Mahafi—e–Sama’a etc—for ordinary people and the people of Sufi orders)

Theological Epistemology

December 17, 2017

Is there such a thing as historical-epistemological theology? It investigates the theory of theological knowledge, belief as it matures and evolves throughout the ages?

Epistemology came into use in the second half of the 18 century whereas the Divine religions go back to the beginning of the Creation and Islam goes back to 6th Century. Therefore Divine religions predate the latent philosophical concepts and terminology. On the other hand, however, there is sure a mode of progression in the monotheism—-Sabianism, Judaism, Christianity and finally Islam. (The theme of monotheism remained focal and constant)

Its critical analysis, however, was not left to the human contemplation or logical reasoning alone but was answered, affirmed through the scriptures and the Prophetical delineations.

Repeated interpolation of the previous scriptures is a vivid example of the defective, maneuvered and contrived application of human reasoning and logic.

It, for the most part, therefore was put to an end by the Divine Himself by declaring in Holy Qura’an that your religion “Islam” has been perfected.

Contemplation, on ancillary matters, however, would continue until the end of the time; through Ijtihad; by the competent scholars and consensus thereupon, being essentials for the correct conclusions/solutions.

This process, nevertheless, is above and beyond the scope of mundane philosophical constructs and terminologies.

For lot, more info on related matters/issues read

Are Ahadith (Word of God)?

December 13, 2017

There is a widespread misconception/disinformation about the Ahadith: in the minds of not only the Non-Muslims but also some Muslims, as if they are purely the personal utterances of the Prophet (PBUH); devoid of Divine sanction, hence not to be taken seriously as the Holy Qura’an. Ahadith and Sunnah constitute; the second most important source of Islamic teachings, explanation and practical manifestation, and an integral part of the Islamic Belief. [By denying/ignoring Ahadith and Sunnah one cannot claim to be following the Prophet, as ordained in the Holy Qura’an repeatedly.                    (Obey Allah and Obey the Prophet) (Q, 4:59)

Qura’an has been referred to as the Book (of Wisdom and Guidance) while the Ahadith and Sunan as “Hikmah” (Wisdom of Explanation/Presentation). (Q, 4:113)

Your companion [Muhammad] has not strayed, nor has he erred, nor does he speak from [his own] inclination. It is not but a revelation revealed, Taught to him by one intense in strength. (Q, 53:2–5)

 There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and (who) remembers Allah often. (Q, 33:21)

{Here Allah (SWT) has urged/directed believers to emulate the Prophet (PBUH) in seeking reward from Allah (SWT); while making it incumbent upon believers, to follow the prophet in his words and deeds}

 An esoteric/ delicate difference here, however, MUST be explained that the words of the Holy Qura’an and their meanings both are revelations’ from Allah(SWT)—called “Wahii-Mutloo”(recited). Ahadith, on the other hand, are the words of the Prophet (PBUH) but the meanings of Allah (SWT)—called “Wahii-Gher-Mutloo” (un-recited).

 Hopefully, this substantiated explanation, will clarify the immitigable position of Ahadith and Sunnan and put any doubts to rest. (Given the cognizance of human fallibility factor; in relaying a hadith wrongly, in altered form or with a broken chain of narrators etc; all Ahadith had been extensively scrutinized and categorized accordingly by the eminent scholars). Many liberals, agnostics, and non-believers, regardless, will still exploit this human fallibility factor to justify their doubts or ignorance.



Saudi Prince, MBS—the weakest link

November 29, 2017


Image result for pic of saudi King & Prince

According to latest reports, arrested princes are being savagely tortured and interrogated by American Contractor Blackwater. (By Ryan Parry, West Coast Correspondent For and Josh Boswell For 

PUBLISHED: 16:24 EST, 22 November 2017 | UPDATED: 03:37 EST, 23 November 2017).

As hinted by this author earlier (Saudi Turmoil)*1, MBS –Saudi Crown Prince has embarked on a perilous journey–borrowing a page from Putin’s book—consolidating power under the cover of corruption and money laundering. Although he took some condescending actions to entice the younger generation; easing few social restrictions; analogous to burying one’s head– in the face of an imminent danger– in the sand; he yet seems to be the weakest link, in the Gold Chain of China, Russia, and Israel.


Saudi Arabia’s move seems to be impulsive and reactionary on account of American rebuke in the case of Nuclear Deal with Iran and Change of “Removal Stance” in the case of Syrian President, Basher Al Assad. (Both Shia’a ruled Countries). Israel, also not being happy with this Nuclear deal, intends to teach America a lesson for countermanding her long-held stance.


Given the Chinese emergence as Geo-Strategic and Econo-Political power, two opposing camps have clustered on the international scene. One Headed by China, beefed up by Russia and Israel. (Subsequent participants seem to be India, Pakistan; for their populations are hoarding the most gold; and most likely; disgruntled with the West; Iran and Turkey, providing the impetuous vivaciousness to this group). A most interesting aspect of this cluster—China, Russian, and Muslims– is the nostalgic reminiscence and impulses of restoring their lost glories of the past. This camp; given its unique motivations; could be instrumental in eradicating the Dollar dominance as the world legal tender (currency), replacing it with the Gold standard of Bretons Wood Agreement/System, 1944.

The first step in this direction was taken by China by setting up AIIB (Asian Infrastructure Investment) Bank, in January 2016, with 100 billion $ Capitalization.

“The Russian central bank opened its first overseas office in Beijing on March 14, 2017, marking a step forward in forging a Beijing-Moscow alliance to bypass the US dollar in the global monetary system, and to phase-in a gold-backed standard of trade. The new central bank office was opened at a time when Russia is preparing to issue its first federal loan bonds denominated in Chinese yuan.  Financial regulators from the two countries agreed on last May to issue home currency-denominated bonds in each other’s markets, a move that was widely viewed as intended to eventually test the global reserve status of the US dollar”

China, reportedly, has also asked Pakistan to use Yuan as a legal tender in Gwadar-Port C-PEC Project financial transactions. Pakistan at this point, however, has resisted it by arguing that it would tantamount to trampling on its sovereignty.

On the other hand, the USA and the West are hell-bent to continue with Dollar as the legal tender. It is a matter of its economic supremacy and survival. Libyan President Col. Gaddafi and Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, two Arab leaders, who dared try to replace the Dollar with Euro, paid a heavy price. Saudi Arabia has joined the Gold club in sheer defiance of the “American Exceptionalism” with a drive to gain control of some of its assets with the help of Russia.

Recent Saudi King’s visit to Russia, Putin’s Phone to the Saudi Crown Prince-MBS and increasing warmth in the relationship between Israel and Saudi Arabia, portrays an embracing welcome to Saudi Arabia in the Gold Club.

Saudis, however, should not be oblivious of the lurking danger in this game of Political, Economic, Social and Dynastic re-alignment, as the weakest link in this game is and will remain MBS. The unprecedented humiliation of the rounded up princes coupled with the annoyance of the conservative Clerics would not augur well for the Crown Prince and Saudi Arabia. How far, if at all, he would be able to take it, is anyone’s guess?

U.A.E also seems to be in the throes of lurking danger; of likely redrawing of the map of the region; for it has thrown punches above its weight; in the Shia’a Sunni brawl spearheaded by Saudi Arabia. U.A.E would have been in a much better position, by keeping a low profile and remaining non-aligned like Oman. It should also be mindful of the fact that the world is turning against the safe-havens for stolen and laundered money; it has developed a reputation for.

Establishing prayer (Aqamatus-Salaah)

March 5, 2015

Prayers stop one from sins.  What encompasses–Zikr Allah (remembrance)

We Muslims repeatedly use this word—Aqamatus-Salaah—-in everyday life. I would, therefore, try to explain, in the light of Qura’an and Sunnah, what it really means. In the second line of the caption, there are two additional concepts/questions, which emerge as an organic or logical consequence of prayer. These would also be explained to make the concept of establishment of prayer comprehensively understood and benefitting. These explanations would also clear some misconception developed by repeatedly reading in-part text of the Holy Qura’an—-which though with accurate translation—do not convey full understanding due to fragmentation.                                         Thus misconception/wrong understanding gets developed.(such as, Prayer stops one from sins).


Establishing the prayer

By employing all manners and mores, inwardly and outwardly, exactly the way Prophet did. Isolating one from all worldly thoughts and affairs while standing before Allah (SWT) in perfect veneration, nothing in between the one praying and his/her Lord, addressing Him directly (without any medium).

Outwardly mores:-Cleanliness of body, clothes, place of offering the prayer and in-congregation.

Inwardly mores:-Standing in fear of Allah, with humility* in a manner as if begging from Him.

Those who establish prayers in this fashion Allah may grace them with treading the right path.

Prayers performed without full etiquette observed would, according to juristic rulings, be considered permissible but short of being established. The blessings, therefore, would also be reduced proportionately or may even be lost completely.


Question-What if someone, despite praying accordingly, may not tread the right path?

In this regard there are two ahadith and one saying of Ibn-Abbas (R.A); which are elucidations of Surah Al Ankabut, verse 45 of Qura’an “”Innis salata tanha anil fahshae wal munkare…….””  Prophet (PBUH) in hadith 1-said—if prayer does not stop one from sins his prayer is nothing. In hadith 2-said—it is the obedience of the prayer which keeps one from sins. In Saying 3-Ibn- Abbas (R.A) said—if one’s prayer does not stop from sins would push him rather farther from Allah.


These explanations point to the fact that prayers offered have a flaw(s)—for not being effective—which need to be addressed. (All requisite conditions must be fulfilled for one to reap the benefits).

Prayer does forbid from sins and shamelessness but people do not take up the advice earnestly, hence the prayer remains from being properly—ESTABLISHED.

Best described in a Hadith,

“when the sweetness of Iman get settles in one’s heart then all parts of his body start relishing its taste in the acts of worship”

Qura’an and Ahadith, in a similar way, forbid one from sins and shamelessness yet everyone do not take the advice earnestly, therefore, continue committing sins. The reason for this anomaly is that the verse cited above is not of an injunctive but of an advisory character.                    Therefore for Qura’an, Ahadith and Prayer to be effective not only the required conditions have to be met, but also with the grace and will of Allah, one may get rid of sins and shamelessness. Insha-Allah.  


Zikr (remembrance) of Allah

Verse 45 also reads:-Wala zikrullaho akbaro wallaho ya’alamo ma tasnaoon? –It means:-and indeed remembrance of Allah is the greatest, and Allah knows what you do. It could also be said that the remembrance, including prayers, is the greatest. Another sense may also prevail, as elucidated in another verse (2:152) Faz kurooni Az kur kum—-which means—remember me I will remember you–a Huge favor by Allah—witnessed by angels. In the light of the above verses, it can safely be deduced that abstinence from sins and shamelessness, as a consequence of prayers or otherwise remembrance while complying with inwardly and outwardly mores and manners is yet

Contingent upon the will and grace along-with auspiciousness (a huge favor showered) of Allah.

To sum up there are 3 constituents of a perfectly established fully-beneficial prayer.

1) Compliance with inwardly & outwardly mores and manners. 2) Grace & will of Allah.                                  3) Allah remembering you.



*Humility—here tantamount to—Khushu & Khuzu—which are important constituents desired in any Ibadah—BUT—are not mandatory. For the simple reason that these are beyond human control and, like guidance and admittance into paradise,  are also dependent on His absolute will & grace, so could be granted to whomsoever He may.

(May Allah forgive me for any shortcomings or lapses).


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