Archive for the ‘POLITICS’ Category

Saudi Turmoil.

November 7, 2017

 

 

 

Image result for pic of saudi crown prince mohammed bin salman

 

Is it really a crackdown on corruption or coup-d’etat? There seems to be a tug of war unleashed after the appointment of the Current Crown Prince Mohammad Bin Salman. Those who have been rounded up have their own strong clout and may cause the collapse of the kingdom. People should not ignore the engulfing quietness in the Middle East; people despite lavish lifestyle are not happy with their ruling elites; who they consider as the usurpers of the power and resources of their countries, a strong motive to rebel once a strong possibility of success presents itself. Saudi Arabian Collapse would provide them this opportunity hence a huge Geo-political change in the Gulf specifically and the Middle East, in general, could not be ruled out. I can envision a single hybrid (Sharia’a and Democratic principles based)  Muslim State. Which may be a harbinger of enormous change in the Muslim World.

The world as a whole is changing, adapting to the inevitable changes in the socio-economic, politico-psychologic and theosophic realms. KSA, being a constituent of the changing world cannot stay aloof or immune from these dynamics. Though resisted for a long time.

Wahabbism has always been a minority followed sect, never achieving a widespread acceptance. Saudi Arabia’s reforms are in essence under duress in the aftermath of 9/11. These are being promulgated despite conservative clerical opposition yet condescending to the West.

Reforms always have to be organic, endogenous and gradual. This complacent adventurism, however, may prove to be detrimental.

My concerns and thoughts were echoed by Bruce Reidel of Brooking Institue in his article, published on 11/07/17, “Trump’s bet on Saudis looks increasingly dangerous”

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Saudi Crimes against Muslim Ummah

October 29, 2017

 

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Saudi Arabia and all other Gulf States–BEDUIN-PENTAGON-grossly abuse foreign Nationals working in Saudi Arabia. 

They are afraid of angering their Masters, perceived Protectors, instead of Allah (SWT). They do not really like Palestinians but giving LIP-SERVICE.

The main reason why Palestinians are still languishing in the world’s biggest concentration camp is the Saudi’s disapproval for a Palestine Independent State.

One will never hear them raising their voices of concern for Kashmiris, Rohingiyas or Ughers Muslims.

They never objected to the creation of two Christian States out of the Muslim lands, South Sudan & East Timor. They instead facilitated their creation to please their Western Masters.

The amount of wealth they amassed could have easily eradicated the hunger and poverty in the African Continent and the rest of the world had they spent only a fraction of it.

They went along with the West’s assessment that providing food to Hungry-Africa would be contrary to the goal of the world population Control.

The result is that Christian Missionaries are deviously using their Hunger and Poverty to convert Six Million Muslims every year into Christianity.

After few decades Africa will be purely a Christian Continent like most of the others.        SHAME ON YOU SAUDI……..

Break up of Ottoman Empire Through British Conspiracy. (Creation of Middle Eastern Sheikhdoms and States).

October 25, 2017
Shakir Mumtaz

October 25, 2015,· Atlanta · (published on FaceBook

The Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916
The Sykes-Picot Agreement of May 1916, was a secret agreement that was concluded by two British and French diplomats, Sir Mark Sykes and Georges Picot. The Sykes-Picot Agreement involved itself with the partition of the Ottoman Empire once World War One had ended.

The Sykes-Picot Agreement effectively handed over control of Syria, Lebanon and Turkish Cilicia to the French and Palestine, Jordan and areas around the Persian Gulf and Baghdad to the British. While neither France nor Britain actually ‘owned’ these territories, they were to effectively control them at a governmental and administrative level. Northern Syria and Mesopotamia were also considered to be an area of French influence while Arabia and the Jordan Valley were considered to be a sphere of influence of the British. Jerusalem was to be governed by an international administration.

This agreement did clash with the McMahon Agreement of 1915 and the statements made by T E Lawrence to the Arabs who had expected to be allowed to govern their own regions after helping the Allies fight the Turks during World War One.

The agreement was never completely fulfilled by the peace settlements but it did lead to the Arab people not fully trusting the British or French governments at times in the future.

How did the Arab people find out about the Sykes-Picot Agreement?

After the Bolshevik Revolution in November 1917, the Communists, led by Vladimir Lenin, found a copy of the agreement in the Russian government’s archives. Russia, in the agreement, was to have influence in Turkish Armenia and northern Kurdistan – hence why the pre-communist government had a copy of the agreement. The Russian Communists released the contents of the agreement into the public domain – thus explaining why numerous Arab groups knew about it

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Balkanization of India.

September 25, 2017

Originally Published in American Chronicle in March 2009

(Millions of Slum-dogs need be emancipated)

The idea of Balkanization of India is silently creeping to the fore from different quarters and schools of thought. Fast changing regional and global dynamics also demanding a serious and conscientious attention towards this crucial issue, which entails far and wide ramifications for the region and the world.

This is such an important issue that intellectuals, academicians, and policy strategists should treat it above any sentimentality, nationalistic or partisan attitudes to reach a purely logical and plausible conclusion.

First of all, let us shed some light on the history of the Indian Sub-Continent so that a rationally and logically sustainable ground could be established for this discussion.

Historically, about 72 % of the current Indian population is originated from Aryan race. Prominent historians and Dravidians consider Aryans as foreign invaders to India. The Aryan Invasion Theory (AIT) was postulated by eminent Oxford scholar Max Muller in 1882 and later advanced by several western and Indian historians. According to the latest research, however, which repudiates the invasion theory, they seem to be the natives of the Northern region.

There is a consensus among various Historians that there was little known of Indian Continent or of its people before Muslim conquest of the area. Muslims, therefore, being the first historians of the area. (Gustave Le Bon). Arabs like Mohammad bin Qasim. and Tariq bin Ziyad were the very first Muslims who conquered the area which brought Islam to the region. The Indian subcontinent was then invaded by the Russian Tatars like Ganges Khan and Kublai Khan, who later converted to Islam. Historically it had been a monotheistic society as per the Puranas and Vedas and Sanskrit literature. In nutshell, this area had been fairly developed with communal, social and political institutions. Al Bairuni (born in 973 in Uzbekistan and died in 1048 in Ghazna now Ghazni, Afghanistan) being the very first Muslim Prominent scholarly figure. The continent flourished to the optimum under Muslim rule and it used to be called the “Golden Sparrow” before it was robbed by the British.

To discern the reality of India as a country it would not be out of place to quote here the noted author Mr. William Dalrymple, who has done much work on the area and authored many books.

“In the world’s media, never has the contrast between the two countries appeared so stark: one is widely perceived as the next great superpower; the other written off as a failed state ….He further adds, On the ground, of course, the reality is different and first-time visitors to Pakistan are almost always surprised by the country’s visible prosperity. There is far less poverty on show in Pakistan than in India, fewer beggars, and much less desperation. In many ways the infrastructure of Pakistan is much more advanced: there are better roads and airports, and more reliable electricity. Middle-class Pakistani houses are often bigger and better appointed than their equivalents in India. Moreover, the Pakistani economy is undergoing a construction and consumer boom similar to India’s, with growth rates of 7%, and what is currently the fastest-rising stock market in Asia”.

Anyone with common sense can see the direction towards which India is headed. Far from being the next superpower or the sole ruler of the entire Indian Ocean, India is a country at the brink of disintegration. The reason for that is not only because she has earned enemies due to its hostile foreign policy towards neighboring countries, and its desire to create hegemony in the region with the hope to expand her boundaries to include countries like Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Ceylon, Burma, Nepal and more to create a huge Indian empire, or Vishal Bharat. Most importantly, It´s her internal fractures that are most likely to drive India towards a fate similar to that of Soviet Union.

On the onset of decline of Ottoman Empire, East India Co barges in as a trading co and manipulates acting on behest of the emperor.

In August 1858 the British Parliament abolished the English East India Company and transferred the company´s responsibilities to the British crown. This launched a period of direct rule in India, ending the fiction of company rule as an agent of the Mughal emperor (who was tried for treason and exiled to Burma). In November 1858, in her proclamation to the “Princes, Chiefs, and Peoples of India,” Queen Victoria pledged to preserve the rule of Indian princes in return for loyalty to the crown. More than 560 such enclaves, taking in one-fourth of India´s area and one-fifth of its people were preserved until Indian independence in 1947. India started out as more than 500 states.

The British Indian Empire, informally, the British Raj (rāj, lit. “rule” in Hindi) or simply British India, internationally and contemporaneously, India, was the term used synonymously for the region, the rule, and the period, from 1858 to 1947, of the British Empire on the Indian subcontinent. The region included areas of British India directly administered by the United Kingdom (contemporaneously, “British India”) as well as the princely states ruled by individual rulers under the paramountcy of the British Crown. The princely states, which had all entered into treaty arrangements with the British Crown, were allowed a degree of local autonomy in exchange for protection and representation in international affairs by Great Britain. The British Indian Empire included the regions of present-day India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, and, in addition, at various times, Aden (from 1839 to 1937), Lower Burma (from 1852) and Upper Burma (from 1886) until 1937, British Somaliland (briefly from 1884 to 1898), and the Straits Settlements (briefly from 1819 to 1867). The British Indian Empire had some ties with British possessions in the Middle East; the Indian rupee served as the currency in many parts of that region. What is now Iraq was, immediately after World War I, administered by the India Office of the British government. The British Indian Empire is said to have begun in May 1858 when the British exiled Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar II to Rangoon in then independent Konbaung Burma after executing most of his family, thus formally liquidating the Mughal Empire. At the same time, the British abolished the British East India Company and replaced it with direct rule under the British Crown. In proclaiming the new direct-rule policy to “the Princes, Chiefs, and Peoples of India”… The Viceroy of India announced in 1858 that the government would honor former treaties with princely states and renounced the “Doctrine of Lapse”, whereby the East India Company had annexed territories of rulers who died without male heirs. About 40 percent of Indian Territory and 20–25 percent of the population remained under the control of 562 princes

INTERNAL “INDIAN” CAVITIES:

India is no more a country than the Equator´. Winston Churchill

“We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light.” Plato

Balkanizing Cracks in “India”: Naxalite insurrection shows severe cavities in India. Why is the press silent about the rebellion in 100 districts of India?–this constitutes about 40% of the country. The swathe of land from Nepal all the way down to Andhra Pradesh is under rebel control. The seven sisters in the Northeast are almost totally out of control of the center which does not seriously challenge the writ of the local leaders.

The central government is weak, corrupt, ineffective and impotent. Kashmir is on fire, as is Assam and Bihar. 250 million Dalits do not feel “Indian”. The 150 million Muslims have been so mistreated that they are in abject generational penury. It will take more than 3 centuries to pull the poverty-stricken out of destitute living. The media focuses on “Incredible India”, a figment of the imagination of the West.

Is India is a failed state? The maps show the more than 89 insurgencies that are raging in India.

The Naxalites have a force of approximately 15,000 cadres spread across 160 districts in the states of Orissa, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Karnataka and West Bengal. They operate primarily in the lawless, dense forested areas of India´s interior, with some estimates saying Naxalites control approximately 10.03 million hectares (about 25 million acres) of forests nationwide. They also have an active campaign to recruit students and other youths to help spread their left-wing extremism into India´s towns and cities. Thus far, however, the Naxalites have not demonstrated the ability to operate in urban areas.

Kashmir: 100,000 civilians killed

White Widows: 50, million women ostracized from society and incarcerated in temples

East Punjab: Brutal suppression of Punjabi insurrection. Thousands killed

Tamil Nadu and Mizoram are in flames seeking independence

Tamil insurrection in Sri Lanka led by Tamils Terrorists in India

Bihar: Major suppression of Biharis and problems with Bangladesh

West Bengal in Communist hands fueling Naxalites.

Gujrat: Serious Hindu Muslim riots perpetrated by Mr. Moodi. 3000 burned.

200 -300 million Untouchables have little or no rights

150 million Muslims are at the lowest rung of the ladder:

India the only island of penury in Asia keeps the Subcontinent poor More than 560 states were forced into the union they did not want to be part of.

Tamil Nadu and Mizoram secessionist movement are live and hot.

THE SEVEN SISTERS: June 29, 2008, a bomb rips through a marketplace in a village located in the northeastern state of Assam. According to initial reports, eight killed and 45 injured, some critically. So was reported in the media. But the mess in Assam and other regions in the northeastern part of India have a much more violent history than the blast on June, 29, the most recent of many since the conception of India as an independent country.

The responsibility for the blast was taken by ULFA, United Liberation Front of Assam, one of more than two dozen militant groups, fighting for either an independent homeland. In the past 25 years, as many as 10,000 people have lost their lives in the violence. Thousands more have been displaced; now living in refugee camps.

The tensions have never seemed to subside; while certain militia groups did make deals with the government which brought some calm in the region; other armed groups have continued with their separatist activities. The year 2006 saw a spate of bombings by ULFA until August when the government agreed to stop its military operations in the region. The truce only lasted until September, and in November the military operation resumed. There have been constant attacks on politicians, security forces and railway construction workers ever since. Like Assam, there are six other states with equally fierce movements calling for more autonomy, known as the Seven Sister States of India. They are situated in the northeastern part of the country, comprising of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Tripura states. The states are joined to rest of India by a narrow piece of land, called the chicken´s neck.

The region is marked by the multiplicity of tribes, ethnicities, cultures, and religion. it is home to around 400 tribes or sub-tribes. The whole of northeast India is marred with conflicts, including infighting amongst various villages, tribes and other warring factions, all for secession for their districts, villages, and tribes. Violence is also pitted against migrants from Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Nepal.

Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Meghalaya are relatively more peaceful than the rest. Nagaland is the oldest of insurgencies of India and is believed to have inspired almost all the ethnic groups in the region. More than 20,000 have been killed before a ceasefire was announced in 1997. They demand a separate homeland comprising of mainly Christian dominated areas of Nagaland along with certain areas in Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.

The region is endowed with oil reserves worth billions. A state-owned company – Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) was forced out of the area until 2006 when it was allowed back in.

The government has been trying to ease tension in the region by striking deals with the rebel groups but no real breakthrough has been made to ensure a long-term peace in the area. Manipur has been fighting for an independent country since 1974. The Indian army took control of the state in 1980. Lack of education and job opportunities has forced many to join separatists groups. Army has been carrying out operations to tackle the insurgency but that has only added to the sufferings of the locals. Some 6000 people have been displaced because of the operations and rebel fighting

The last of the seven states Tripura has been a refuge for many Bengalis after the war of 1971 when Bangladesh was carved by India and USSR out of West Pakistan. The influx of refugees and the building of a fence by the government along the border of Bangladesh have prompted attacks by the two major rebel groups, the National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT) and the All Tripura Tiger Force (ATTF). With thousands homeless and harsh living conditions, life is miserable for the local population.

The Naxal movement of India was inspired by the revolutionary ideology of Mao Zedong. The movement feeds on a similar philosophy to that of Nepal´s. It first originated in the 1960´s in a remote area of West Bengal, Naxalbari. Today it has under its influence eastern Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, eastern Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Bihar, popularly known as the Red Corridor. Naxalites (also known as Maoists and Marxist-Leninist revolutionaries) pose a serious ideological threat to the state of India. Earlier this year, Indian PM Manmohan Singh, described the rebels as “the single biggest internal security challenge ever faced by our country.”

The PM had good reasons to grant Naxalites the title of the single biggest internal security challenge ever. They have been involved in ruthless train hijacking, jailbreaks and murder of local politicians. They have refused to accept anything other than independence, a Naxalite leader has been found saying on record Talks are a part of our tactical line. Naxalism is not a problem, it is a solution.’ With a strong army of 15,000 soldiers, the Naxalites control one-fifth of India´s total forests. They have grown into 160 out of 604 administrative districts of India.

“India´s single biggest internal security challenge ever faced” – Indian PM on Naxal rebellion

Hinduism, as an extremist dogma.

The present form of Hindu religion is basically an evolved (one can also argue distorted) version of the initial monotheistic religion which prevailed here. As the class system progressed, from North-South divide; where Northerner seems to be having an edge over their Southerner counterparts, the poor were kept from the religious teachings. The recitations and meditations were performed in separated setting barring the lower class from having access to teachings. The fear of the poor or untouchables “Shuders” still, somehow, getting access to the teachings forced the upper “Brahmin” class to adopt “signs” (which is translated in Arabic “Surahs”) for the teachings and thus developed thousands of gods and present form of Hindu religion.

Abraham Lincoln had illustrated the spirit of democracy in the words, of the people, by the people, and for the people.

The authenticity of any country´s democratic status is measured against this set criterion. That said it is not difficult to determine that there is nothing democratic, or even secular for that matter, about India.

One of the leading political parties in India is the Bharatiya Janata Party [BJP]. The party was in power between 1998 and 2004. It is widely accepted as a radical right-wing political party. Those who share similar radical ideologies with this political party include the nationalist organization which goes by the name of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh [RSS] and Sangh Parivar. Another such political party is the Shiv Sena of Maharashtra headed by Bal Thackeray. What´s common between all these political and nationalist outfits is the radical doctrine of Hindutva, which dictates (as mentioned in the “The Struggle for India’s Soul,” World Policy Journal, fall 2002) that India is “not only the [Hindu] fatherland but also … their Punyabhumi, their holy land.” To Hindu extremists, all others on this land are viewed as “aliens” who do not belong there.

Recently The Hindu, a national daily carried comments of Bal Thackeray which invited Hindus to organize suicide squads in response to the Islamic terror threat to India. The plea was made after a bomb planted in a movie theatre by Hindu terrorists had failed to explode. Thackeray was pushing them to make more powerful bombs.

Sociologist Dipankar Gupta explains the mindset of the members of the Shiv Sena club:

“A good Hindu for the Shiv Sena is not necessarily a person well versed in Hindu scriptures, but one who is ready and willing to go out and attack Muslims … To be a good Hindu is to hate Muslims and nothing else.”

(Citizens versus People: the Politics of Majoritarianism and Marginalization in Democratic India, Sociology of Religion, Spring 2007)

John Dayal while commenting on the book titled “Religious Demography of India” disrobes the Indian propaganda (forwarded by the said political parties) of inciting public opinion against Muslim and Christian minorities of India. Much has been said about such schemes in this commentary and the one that preceded it. Selective pieces from Dayal´s observations only reaffirm all that has been said.

The 2002 Gujarat attacks against Muslims were appalling, to say the least; they generated a strong reaction from around the globe. The stories of violence and bloodshed were so dreadful that even the international media, which otherwise maintains silence over such issues, couldn´t turn a blind eye to the occurrences in Gujarat.

A human rights watchdog reports the events in a manner all too well known to the Muslims who survived the atrocities of 1947- The looting and burning of Muslim homes, businesses, and places of worship was also widespread. Muslim girls and women were brutally raped. Mass graves have been dug throughout the state. Gravediggers told Human Rights Watch that bodies keep arriving, burnt and mutilated beyond recognition.

The investigation also brought out the fact that those involved were the members of the Sangh Parivar. The BJP tried to erase traces that bore marks of their involvement in this mass murder. But their sins were so ghastly no amount of cover-up could hide the truth. So much so that some within the country was forced to speak against the then government and their heinous criminal activities.

Muslims are not the only targets. Christian minorities also have had a taste of this vicious campaign which is bent on cleansing India of its Non-Hindu) population. Attacks have been made against priests and nuns, also including institutions like churches, hospitals and even charitable organizations associated with Christians. Such assaults occurred most frequently under the BJP regime. More than 40 churches have been burned and Christian priests and nuns lynched. The assurance by the PM Vajpayee, that these attacks were isolated incidents and not an indication of an ethnic war against Christians, convinced but only a few. For these attacks were simultaneously accompanied by hate literature that was widely distributed. The compilation included not just quotations, which wrongly established Christianity as a religion that encourages violence against non-Christians but also carried suggestions as to how to harass them.

In Tamil Nadu alone, 45 special types of “untouchability” are practiced by the higher caste Hindus. Translated, in other words, the high-class Hindus deem themselves too high to share their temples, cremation grounds, river bathing points or even their barbers with Dalits and when these boundaries are transgressed, the punishment is severe. 

As quoted in a report prepared for the Washington Post by Emily Wax; Anup Srivastava is a researcher with the People’s Vigilance Commission on Human Rights in Varanasi. His job requires him to investigate complaints filed by Dalits about discrimination among neighbors, in schools, at hospitals, and at work. He says, “India is not a true democracy. The country is independent. But the people aren’t. How can there be a democracy when there are still people known as untouchables who face daily discrimination?”

To cite references from another article authored by an Indian named, V.B.Rawat, he protests, “All those who talk of “great democratic” India and nonviolent and tolerant Hindu community must address to this issue as to where were they when Dalits were being butchered by the Hindu Upper castes. Also, “The Hinduism that is being preached these days is, in fact, Varnashram dharma, a belief in caste hierarchy…. And this caste system makes India as world’s biggest practicing racist country, worst than the South Africa of apartheid period.”

Desperate, most Dalits are forced to convert to other religions, hundreds every year. But now the silence is being broken. The nobodies of India are taking on the government, be it through an interview to a foreign magazine or protest on the streets. They have also found strength in the aphorism majority is an authority.

But of all, violence against women is the most brutal practice justified as a religious duty in accordance with the teachings of the Hindu Holy Scriptures. The Hindu texts sanctify the killing of infant girls, by parents who deem themselves not capable of shouldering the responsibility of having a girl child. The Hindu holy book Bhagavad Gita clearly calls women embodiment of the worst desires and justifies the killing of women.

Here is an excerpt from Hindu book which allows killing of women;

“Killing of a woman, a Shudra or an atheist is not sinful. A woman is an embodiment of the worst desires, hatred, deceit, jealousy and bad character. Women should never be given freedom.” Bhagavad Gita (Manu IX. 17 and V. 47, 147)”

Similarly, another holy script of Hindu religious book preaches looking down upon women by terming a woman equal to a dog, crow, and shudra (a low cast poor Hindu who has no rights in Hindu society).

“And whilst not coming into contact with Sudras and remains of food; for this Gharma is he that shines yonder, and he is excellence, truth, and light; but woman, the Sudra, the dog, and the blackbird (the crow), are untruth: he should not look at these, lest he should mingle excellence and sin, light and darkness, truth and untruth.” – Satapatha Brahmana 14:1:1:31.

In ancient Hindu society, newborn girls were buried alive while the practice is very much prevalent in the so-called secular, democratic India even today. The killing of newborn babies and the abortion of women fetuses in India is a common practice. In all cases, specifically female infanticide reflects the low status accorded to women in most parts of India.

India has had wars with all her neighbors

India has lowest per capita GNP in the Subcontinent

Indian poor are poorer than Sub Saharan Africa.

More than 1000 districts in the hands of the Naxalites

India has more people living under the poverty line than those living in the whole of Africa and Americas together.

INDIA AS A FAILED STATE: India is a failed state for failing to provide food shelter and clothing for her citizens. India has bloody borders. By harping on the “failed state” mantra the bigoted Indian commentariat wants to surround “Akhand Bharat” with small Balkanized mini-states like Sikkim, Bhutan, Sri Lanka. Any hegemonic power achieves its goal in the region by sabotaging the integrity and sovereignty of the neighbors. India wants to surround itself with a “Warsaw pact” type of string of obsequies and subservient states. Pakistan is a big hurdle in India´s hegemonistic policy of Westward expansion. Since the West never faced “India” in combat, they are unaware of the (South) Indian aggression that was encountered by Southeast Asia (Laos, Cambodia, and even Indonesia). China and Pakistan working together have arrested the advance of the sepoys of Delhi.

UNTOUCHABLE DALITS EEK OUT A SUBHUMAN LIVING IN INDIA:

Between 150 to 250 million Dalits or Untouchables live in utter sub-human conditions. A population as large as the United States lives in conditions that are below and worse off than that of Sub Saharan Africa. The Dalit websites shed some light on the plight of the Dalits. EU says “India is being ruled by castes, not laws”-Indian state machinery supports License to kill Dalits

East Punjab: Brutal suppression of Punjabi insurrection. Thousands killed

Tamil Nadu and Mizoram are in flames seeking independence

Tamil insurrection in Sri Lanka fled by Tamils in India

Bihar: Major issues in Bihar and problems with Bangladesh

West Bengal in Communist hands.

Gujrat: Serious Hindu Muslim riots perpetrated by Mr. Moodi

200 -300 million Untouchables have little or no rights

150 million Muslims are at the lowest rung of the ladder:

Goa remained Portuguese enclave until 1987, and even after Indian annexation, it was called Federally administered Area. In 1961 a resolution was tabled in United Nations by USA and UK against the Indian aggression which was vetoed by USSR. Goans, even while under Indian hegemony, went to referendum and demanded the autonomy, never accepted to be an integral part of India.

Economic straits of India.

A brief look will abundantly expose the facade of the Indian economy; which will collapse at the first signs of uncertainty or instability. In 2008, its external debts increased to around $221 billion. In 2007, Indian exports stood around $145 billion, while imports were around $217 billion; a deficit of $72 billion in a single year. Its factory output accounts for 27.6% of the GDP and employs 17% of the total workforce. Rest of the workforce is largely dedicated to the agriculture sector. According to a 2008 World Bank report, 75.6% Indians live on less than $2 per day. It suffers from higher rates of malnutrition than Sub-Saharan Africa. Over 70% of its population is either illiterate or educated below the primary level. Indian tourist industry is 1/6 of Las Vegas. Recently, Standard & Poor´s announced, India risks a downgrade from BBB-minus rating to the lowest investment-grade rating. Clearly, Indians are hardly in a financial shape to even contemplate on waging a war.

A brief look will abundantly expose the facade of the Indian economy; which will collapse at the first signs of uncertainty or instability. In 2008, its external debts increased to around $221 billion. In 2007, Indian exports stood around $145 billion, while imports were around $217 billion; a deficit of $72 billion in a single year.

Its factory output accounts for 27.6% of the GDP and employs 17% of the total workforce. Rest of the workforce is largely dedicated to the agriculture sector. According to a 2008 World Bank report, 75.6% Indians live on less than $2 per day. It suffers from higher rates of malnutrition than Sub-Saharan Africa. Over 70% of its population is either illiterate or educated below the primary level. Indian tourist industry is 1/6 of Las Vegas. Recently, Standard & Poor´s announced India´s risk rating by a downgrade from BBB-minus rating to the lowest investment-grade. Clearly, Indians are hardly in a financially tenable situation to even contemplate waging a war.

Sudra Holocaust: Genocide of 1 million Dalits in India since 1947: About three million Dalit women have been raped and around one million Dalits killed from the time of Independence. This is 25 times more than the number of soldiers killed during the wars fought after independence. That is why Dalits do not need Aryan culture or Hindu Dharma based on caste anymore. …” [Dr. Tulsiram]

India: More than 75% live below Sub Saharan poverty line India: 3500-yrs of massacres of Dalit-Sudra Blacks by Arya-Brahmins Eat Rats: Indian officials ask starving Indians to eat rodents (BBC) Indian girl Infanticide-Female Foeticide: 1 million girls killed before or after birth per year

Mr. Paragh Khanna says that India has missed the boat of becoming a World Power soon, and China has left the penury stricken island of poverty in Asia (Bharat) in the dust. India is the poorest country in Asia and in terms of GNP, the poorest in South Asia. More than 150 million Dalits live is abject destituteness. India has poorer than Sub-Saharan Africa and Americas together. It will take more than three centuries to pull these poor out of a sub-human existence.

Minorities.

About 20 %, or 200 million, are religious minorities. Muslims constitutes 138 million or 13.4 5, Christians 24 million or 2.3 %, Sikhs 19 million or 2 %, Buddhists 8 million or 0.8 % and Jains 4 million or 0.4 %. “Others” numbered 6.6 million or 0.6 %. According to Mr. Tahir Mahmood, an Indian Muslim journalist, “The 2.3 % Christians in the Indian population cater to 20 % of all primary education in India, 10 % of all the literacy and community health care, 25 % of all existing care of destitute and orphans, 30 % of all the handicapped, lepers and AIDS patients etc”.

Discrimination against Minority Muslims.

Recently, Justice Rajinder Sachar Committee report admitted that 138 Million Muslims across India are severely under-represented in government employment, including Public Sector Units. Ironically, West Bengal, a communist-ruled state reported 0 (zero) percent of Muslims in higher positions in its PSUs! It has found that the share of Muslims in government jobs and in the lower judiciary in any state simply does not come anywhere close to their population share. The only place where Muslims can claim a share in proportion to their population is in prison! (Number of Muslims convicts in India is 19.1%, while the number of those under trials is 22.5%, which exceed their population ratio). A note sent on January 9 by the army to the defense ministry in 2004 says that only 29,093 Muslims among a total of 1.1 million personnel – a ratio of 2.6 %, which compares poorly with the Muslims´ 13.8 % share in the Indian population. Officially, Indian Army doesn´t allow headcount based on religion.

Amnesty International (AI) 2008 report on issues within India: Amnesty Int 2008 report excoriates Horrid “India” RUPEE NEWS: Recording History, Narrating Archives, Strategic Intellibrief Analysis: Noticias de Rupia | Nouvelles de Roupie | Rupiennachrichten | ??????? ????? | ????

It may surprise many, but the one of highest concern is not Kashmir, but the rising tide of communalism, Anti-Christian, Anti-Dalit, and Anti-Muslim. The Naxalite insurrection led by Dalits and Maoists spreads over more than 40% of the landmass of the country. Three major groups – Maoist Communist Center, People´s War Group and CPI (ML) – have merged to form a united outfit called CPI (Maoist). It affirmed: The revolution will be carried out and completed through armed agrarian revolutionary war; that is, protracted people´s war with the armed seizure of power remaining as its central and principal task, encircling the cities from the countryside and thereby finally capturing them.”

Kashmir was concerned as the biggest threat to the country´s unity but in recent years, many in New Delhi thought that they had swallowed Srinagar. Kashmir is at the fever pitch. This year´s insurrection caught them by surprise. The Divide between Jammu and Kashmir is now impossible and even the puppet Farooq Abdullah who sold his soul to Delhi for a few Dollars and a title, says “Kashmir will go on a platter to Pakistan.” Paper Tigers: Indian tenuous “hold” on Kashmir is slipping fast

The third area of security concern for New Delhi is open rebellion in the Northeast. These insurrections do not make it to the daily headlines on CNN, but the fact is the New Delhi has very little control of Assam and the seven sisters that lay East of Bangladesh. Even Chinese occupied territory mislabeled “Arunachal Pradesh” has a huge body of rebels that want nothing to do with Delhi.

Communalism is a big threat to the so-called “secular” country. Brahmans in Jammu in 2008 led a boycott of Kashmir forcing the Kashmiris to strive to trade directly with Pakistan. Church burning in Orissa is problem exacerbated by the separatists who strive for freedom from Delhi. The Gujarat´s Hinduvata massacred 3000 Muslims and hundreds of thousands are scared to go back to their homes.

The land of Gandhi, the secular state is falling apart.

95 % of the women in Madhya Pradesh in commercial sex are due to family traditions. So are 51.79 % in Bihar,´ said the study. While 43 % of the total women trafficked are minors, 44 percent of the women are into flesh trade due to poverty. Of the total women who are into sex work in the country, 60 % are from the lower and backward class, which indicates the pathetic living conditions of the communities. In Madhya Pradesh, a political bastion of Hindu right-wing party, 96.7 % of the women sex workers are from the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.

India has 4 million prostitutes nationwide and 60% of the prostitutes are from the Scheduled Castes and Tribes or other backward castes.

End of Indian daydreaming.

The relationship between the “world´s largest democracies” -India and USA- has been sacrificed once again for the sake of financial assistance and the other small irritant in West Asia–aka “defeat in Afghanistan”. India finds itself on the wrong side of history once again. For the first half-century of its existence, India supported the Evil Empire-USSR. Then in the 80s when the USSR imploded and Yugoslavia imploded, the Indian policy makers worked overtime to come up with a strategy of survival on this third planet from the sun. Egged on by a Democratic Congress, Mr. Clinton encouraged India to explode a nuclear device. The Pokran explosions had an effect on India like the world has never seen. It allowed the youthful nation to begin thinking big–beyond the confines of reality and beyond the realm of imagination. Within a decade of meager growth, Indian had not only proclaimed them a Superpower but also convinced themselves of the death of Pakistan, the subservience of Bangladesh, the destruction of Sri Lanka and the erosion of Nepal as a political entity. In this dream world, Bollywood stopped filming movies in India and brought world capitals, skyscrapers, and modern amenities into the theatres and homes of ordinary Indians. Pretty soon a fog enveloped the nation–they actually started believing the Bollywood baloney and got swollen heads. Like the Michelin´s man full of air, the Superpower began to think of its borders beyond Uzbekistan and it´s Navy beyond the Pacific and Atlantic. Obama has taken a page from Richard Nixon´s policy of developing relations with China at the cost of India.

India´s faltering $41 Billion IT economy cannot salvage a lot of the poor. While a triumphalist media discusses the “growth of the Indian middle class”, the reality of India´s penury stricken population is very different. The higher the number the worse off the country. India ranks below Cambodia and Burkina Faso in terms of hunger. It is slightly better off than Haiti, Zimbabwe, and Bangladesh. Pakistan´s fares much better and is not listed on this chart. Cuba has taken care of its population and eliminated malnutrition, hunger and child mortality. It has done more with less and is the example that needs to be followed. Cuba produces more doctors for less and offers free medical education to citizens of the world. 1000 Cuban doctors served in cold Azad Kashmir and helped the victims of the earthquake.

India scored worse than nearly 25 sub-Saharan African countries and all of South Asia, except Bangladesh,” the report says.

When Indian states are compared to countries in the Global Hunger Index, [the central Indian state of] Madhya Pradesh ranks between Ethiopia and Chad,” it says.

India is long known to have some of the highest rates of child malnutrition and mortality in under-fives in the world.

According to the Indian government statistics two years ago, around 60% of more than 10 million children in the state were malnourished (International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) along with Welthungerhlife and the University of California)

2009 is perhaps the time when China finally has started to speak softly, though may have prevaricated its real intentions in pious homilies. Now the Chinese have spoken softly on Afghanistan asking Ms. Clinton four things. Stop destabilizing Pakistan. Resolve Kashmir. Stop the war in Afghanistan and work with Russia. These few requests made at a time when Ms. Clinton was visiting China asking for huge favors from Beijing have a very strong effect on world affairs. Of course, the US cannot refuse its banker.

Obama´s China policy renders obsolete the Indian strategic calculus built around the US containment strategy. Hardly two to three years ago, the Bush administration encouraged India to put faith in a quadrilateral alliance of Asian democracies – the US, Japan, Australia, and India – that would strive to set the rules for China´s behavior in the region.

According to reports, State Department officials had originally proposed that India is included in the itinerary of Clinton´s current first official tour abroad, but she struck it out. As things stand, Clinton meant every word of what she wrote last year in her Foreign Affairs article that “our [US] relationship with China will be the most important bilateral relationship in the world in this century”. Asia Times. India grapples with the Obama era By M K Bhadrakumar. M K Bhadrakumar was a career diplomat in the Indian Foreign Service.

The US cannot ignore the Chinese. The battle between the dragon and the elephant has come to a head. There is a tectonic shift in international relations. China has woken up and for the first time in a couple of centuries can dictate terms. Khrushchev is probably sitting up in his grave to take notice. He once said, “We will bury you”. Karl Marx predicted that “capitalism would be sent to the dustbin of history”. Mao Ze Dung called the US “a paper tiger”. The British once said referring to China with the prodigious warning “Don´t wake the sleeping giant”. Well according to the signal—the Red Dragon in Beijing has woken. Those who thought that Communism was dead and Capitalism is kicking butt take a look at four cities–Beijing, Moscow, New York and London. There is a celebration in two and malaise in two. The World takes note.

Dennis Blair, the newly appointed director of national intelligence, in his testimony before the US Senate intelligence committee on January 22, struck a fine balance when he said,

While the United States must understand China´s military buildup – its extent, its technological sophistication and its vulnerabilities – in order to offset it, the intelligence community also needs to support policymakers who are looking for opportunities to work with Chinese leaders who believe that Asia is big enough for both of us and can be an Asia in which both countries can benefit as well as contribute to the common good.

However, this is precisely where a serious problem arises for India. In the Indian perception, South Asia and the Indian Ocean just aren´t “big enough” for India and China. Asia Times.

The possible federation or unity, which possibly could be envisioned, is between Pakistan, Afghanistan, mainly Muslims concentrated areas, up to Delhi. Bengal merged with Bangladesh which would quell the insurgencies in the area. Balkanization would settle the Kashmir´s independence issue for good. Smaller independent states thus emerged shall be safer in the absence of Indian state bullying them. There could also develop a Block of the Muslim states on the pattern of European Union.

There is sheer abundance of facts and figures which justify the Balkanization of India for a better world and emancipation of about 1/5th of the people of the world, with A huge dividend for the west also in terms of its security and prosperity.

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The Article was published on March 2009 and should be an eye-opener for Indians, Poor of India will only benefit if they get out of the control of the center, the locals shall then benefit from the economic activities in the region…

Reviving India’s Economy

September 24, 2017

Sep 19, 2017 KAUSHIK BASU (link to original article at the bottom)

Image result for indian population images
There are certain basic imperatives which either have to be factored in or eradicated to put the Indian economy back on track, else it would never have the luxury to see the upsurge ever again.

LACK OF CONSUMER CONFIDENCE.
It is due to several reasons, enumerated a few.
1) State terrorism—unleashed by Indian Govt in Kashmir and supporting one in Burma ought to be stopped immediately.
11) Discrimination against the minorities—It is pervasive and well documented in the word press’ where the minorities are denied the government jobs and investment in major cosmopolis. (especially real estate).

The same fears and concerns are being translated into lack of international market forces confidence in Indian economy.

China’s overwhelmingly aggressive politico-economic posturing, particularly in Indian proximity, is also exposing the artificially inflated image of Indian economic exuberance.

India, with its current rate of growth, would neither be able to sieze the population growth nor the pervasive poverty.

India has to get out of the china-competition spiral; at the behest of the west, and give up its wasteful investment in defense and subversive activities in neighboring states. These resources should rather be invested in poverty alleviation and providing the entrepreneurial population with cheap credit.
India has to do away with foreign exchange control, letting the rupee float free to find its intrinsic (real marker) value rather than artificially managed one.

As a result, Indian economy may take a sharp slump in the beginning, but would eventually start building on solid grounds.
shakir2.wordpress.com

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/reversing-india-growth-slowdown-by-kaushik-basu-2017-09?

 

Declare–Rakhine–an Independent Rohingya Muslims State.

September 11, 2017

 

Rohingyas are living in Myanmar since 8th Century. A most persecuted Muslim minority since 2013 UN.The Rohingya faced Military crackdown in 1978,1991,1992, 2012, 2015 and NOW in 2016–2017. UN officials and HRW have described Myanmar’s persecution of the Rohingya as ethnic cleansing, while there have been warnings of an unfolding genocide.

 

Accession into Pakistan.

During the Pakistan Movement in the 1940s, Rohingya Muslims in western Burma organized a separatist movement to merge the region into East Pakistan. Before the Independence of Burma in January 1948, Muslim leaders from Arakan addressed themselves to Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, and asked his assistance in incorporating the Mayu region to Pakistan considering their religious affinity and geographical proximity with East Pakistan. The North Arakan Muslim League was founded in Akyab (modern Sittwe) two months later. The proposal never materialized since it was reportedly turned down by Jinnah, saying that he was not in a position to interfere into Burmese matters. After Jinnah’s refusal to accept northern Arakan into the Dominion of Pakistan, some Rohingya elders who supported a Jihad movement founded the Mujahid party in northern Arakan in 1947. The aim of the Mujahid party was to create an autonomous Muslim state in Arakan.

There are 1.3 million in and around Myanmar and about 1.5 million spread in other countries.

Yanghee Lee, the UN special investigator on Myanmar, believes the country wants to expel its entire Rohingya population.

 If UN can declare—East Taimour—& —South Sudan— for Christians, why not –Rakhine— for Rohingya Muslims?

Which Morality—Modern or Virtuous–is Right?

September 1, 2017
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (by Shakir Mumtaz January 2017)

(Morality based on common sense! Can common sense be trusted? Ethical Egoism says that “One person’s common sense may be another person’s naïve platitude” It is also called “revisionist theory” for it declares that “our common sense moral views may be mistaken, therefore, need to be changed”)

Morality predicates every facet of human life. It has always been, fervently, debated by the scholars and thinkers of almost all the societies, as to what constitutes morality, what should be its source and how its parameters should be determined and so on. I have therefore embarked on this interesting but multifarious topic to explore; by consulting various perspectives and sources, and present a cogent picture for the readers; to make up their own mind, after weighing for and against reasons and arguments.

Modern morality (or moral philosophy) has a rich and fascinating history. A great many thinkers have approached the subject from a wide variety of perspectives and have produced theories that both attract and repel the thoughtful people. Almost all the classical theories developed by philosophers of undoubted genius are, however, vulnerable to crippling objections. Hence, one is left wondering what to believe?

Derek Parfit, “Reasons and Persons” 1984 put it very aptly as “Non-religious ethics (Morality) is the youngest and least advanced” Thomas Hobbs, foremost British philosopher of 17th Century tried (unsuccessfully) to provide an alternative to Divine Philosophy*1 by arguing as follow. “Suppose we take away all the props for morality. We assume, first, that there is no God to issue commands and reward virtues; and second, that there are no moral facts built into the nature of things. Moreover, we deny that there is any sort of universal altruism built into human nature—we see people as essentially motivated to pursue their own interests. If we cannot appeal to God, moral facts or natural altruism, is there anything left on which morality might be found? After all this, he suggests an alternate, in the form of “Social contract” and commonly accepted mechanism (Govt.), to enforce the terms of the contract. Then he conjectures an untenable “state of nature”, insinuating absolute chaos, to support his hypothesis. “State of nature”*2 is governed by “the Laws of Nature” and Laws of Nature not only describes “how things are” but also “how things ought to be” as well. Things are always as they “ought to be” solemnly serving their natural purposes (Theory of the law of nature). He replaced God with altruism and moral facts and His command and control by an indispensable Government. Mundane and temporal end-result suggested was— “the gain of the benefits of social living”. This outrageous endeavor could simply be classed as a “Blatant Hobbesian Intellectual Egoism”{Dishonesty/Arrogance). After close scrutiny of this hypothesis, Thomas Hobbs is also found to be guilty of defying “the minimum conception of morality”. (By the way, Islamic theology makes use of “minimum conception” with respect to the performance of basic obligatory rituals, ensuring the salvation of the believers in the hereafter).

It might be of interest for the readers to know, that morality is not an issue as such in most parts; especially in predominantly monotheistic and polytheistic societies, of the world at all. Centuries-old religious ethos shaped their cultural traditions and social practices in consonance and the life goes on smoothly. The issue of morality, for the most part, arises when an equitable and just resolution is sought in the face of conflicting interests. It is generally thought that formulation of morality started from the Greeks. This treatise, therefore, would start from there; foregoing the issue of the actual origin of morality, which according to some sources goes back to Prophet Adam. Greek philosophers such as Pluto, Aristotle and Socrates and some other eminent scholars resorted to reason in formulating the moral laws of their time; while counting on the character to establish the virtuous traits of a man. Questions were framed as “What is the good of man?”, “What traits of character make one a good man?” This was happening 400 years before the time of Jesus Christ. With the spread of Christianity however, a new idea of “Law Giver” and “Obedience to His commands” was introduced. St Augustine, the most influential and prominent thinker of 4th Century, however, “distrusted the reason” and taught that virtuous life rests in the unwavering subordination to the commandments. From here on when the Christian Scholars, philosophers discussed the issue of virtues; it was within the context of “Divine Law”, and theological virtues including “Obedience” occupying the central place. On the contrary, Greeks gave “reason” the center stage. They viewed the “reason” the source of practical wisdom. Virtuous life for them was inseparable from the life of reason.

After renaissance, however, morality took another turn and Philosophers stopped turning to the Greek way of reasoning or Christian way of obedience to “Divine Law” but to its secular equivalent called “Moral Law”. “Divine Fiat” was replaced by “Human reason” and by following its directive would decide which actions are right? The question was changed from “what traits of character make a good person” to “what is the right thing to do?” “Virtue” was replaced by secular ‘rightness of actions” & “obligations” thereby promoting the element of individualism and self-interest (selfishness). Human reason gave rise to the conception of Hubristic “ought” as a standard for most advantageous actions; petrifying the Human-reason with inconsistency; hence similar reasoning was acceptable in one situation, but not in the other. Later moral theories from the seventeenth century onward; such as “Ethical egoism”, “Utilitarianism”, “Social Contract Theory”, all were developed and promoted in the same vein of individualism and self-centeredness.

Utilitarianism, in particular, proved to be the harbinger of Religion divested morality. A theory presented by David Hume (1711-1776) formalized by Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832), vehemently advocated by John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) and his son James Mill. After the 18th and 19th century’s series of upheavals, America was a newly developing country and traditional morality was up in the air. Bentham’s conception of Religion divested morality; in conscious opposition to Christianity; especially for those escaping the Church of England’s persecution, proved to be a boon. He argued “Morality is not a matter of pleasing God, nor is it a matter of faithfulness to abstract rules. Morality is nothing more than the attempt to bring about as much happiness as possible in this world” Bentham was also given the assignment of reforming the laws and constitution of England along utilitarian lines. Needless to say that despite huge influence utilitarianism had severe flaws. One of its more developed forms, Act-Utilitarianism, recognized it to be a “radical doctrine” “that implied that many of our moral feelings may be mistaken” Ethical Egoism, as a “revisionist theory”, also asserted the same theme.

An Australian philosopher J.J.C Smart (1961) published a monograph, challenging the common sense (morality) as it cannot be trusted. His assertion challenges us to rethink matters that we have taken for granted. To accentuate the point further, here is the opinion of a Swedish Sociologist Gunner Myrdal which he gave after his classic study—American dilemma in 1944 ”There must be still other countless errors of the same sort that no living man can yet detect, because of the fog within which our type of Western cultures envelops us…”

Bentham and Mill were leading a revolution as radical as Marx and Darwin of 19th Century. To understand the radicalness of their theory an excerpt is quoted as “Gone are all references to God or to abstract moral rules written in the heavens. Morality is no longer to be understood as faithfulness to some divinely given code or to some set of inflexible rules” The concept of individualistic worldly happiness—known as “Hedonism”– was promoted. Mills introduction of the notion “Individual is sovereign” pushed it even further.

Kantian morality although, hovers around religious lines but; he seems to have circumvented God and religion; probably to prove that besides; all- encompassing God’s commands notion; there are rational and logical grounds on which Divine Morality could be asserted with the same potency. Kant however, abjured the serpent-windings of the Utilitarian theory because, he said, the theory is incompatible with human dignity. (God confers “dignity” to human—Qua’an 17:70). His formulation of “hypothetical Imperatives” VS “Categorical Imperatives” exposes the vainness of Modern Morality. It can, therefore, safely be deduced that most of these Religion-Divested Moral theories provide only plausible answers to the difficult questions, but lack the potency and conviction of Divine Morality– providing definitive solutions built in the rigor of observance of its rules and rituals. (All classic theorists, needless to say, hold not only opposing but critical views about Divine Morality).

Recent thinking on morality is ready to take yet another turn. Philosophers are debunking the ”Moral Law” theory as bankrupt and advocating radical idea to go back to virtue based Aristotelian Morality to salvage the subject. This idea was first floated by a British Philosopher G.E.M Anscombe in 1958; suggesting that modern moral philosophy is misguided because it rests on an incoherent notion of “law” without a “Law Giver” She further elaborated that the very concepts of obligation, duty, and rightness, on which the modern philosophers have concentrated their attention, are inextricably linked to this nonsensical idea. Therefore, she argued, we should return to Aristotelian approach, and virtue should once again take the center stage.

Philosophers in this camp share the opinion, that virtue-based morality is 
superior to the other kind of (Religion divested) morality because of the 
following reasons. 

1) Moral Motivation. Virtuous Morality is appealing because it provides a natural and attractive account of moral motivation while the other kind of morality falters on this account. It can be explained in terms of an example quoted, in Journal of philosophy in 1976, where the value of merit of morality was juxtaposed duty. In this case, a patient was visited by some friend; that made patient delighted but: when he found out that the visitor was just doing his duty and did not really come for him, the visit turned cold and bereft of moral value. The desire to do the right thing for the right reason and doing it out of an abstract sense of duty is not the same. 2) Ideals of Impartiality. Virtuous morality can accommodate partialities very well since it recognizes that some virtues are partial and some are not. It also recognizes that love of family and friends is an inescapable feature of the morally good life. Ideals of Impartiality in modern moral philosophy, however, do not add up. John Stewart Mill put the point very succinctly when writing about Utilitarianism that “Utilitarianism requires (the moral Agent) to be as strictly impartial as a benevolent and disinterested spectator”. A mother loves her children and cares for them in a way that she does not care for other children. “She is partial to them through and through”. Same is the case with friends and family members.

3) Divine Morality provides a pleasing practical “fit” between; – a) Impartiality of reason. b) Adherence to set rules for life, serving everyone’s interest. c) Fulfillment of our natural inclination and moral duty to care about others. Making morally behaving a natural dispensation. 4) An Anthropocentric view of Aristotle (and of many philosophers of ancient); which modern philosophers and scientists vehemently refute, has been categorically asserted in Qura’an. This assertion, in the same vein, also refutes the accusation of the human being as “vein-species”. https://shakir2.wordpress.com/2016/03/21/the-anthropocentric-character-of-the-universe-special-status-of-man-and-yet-his-denial-of-god/ Conclusion A trajectory of traits of both the schools of Philosophy has been presented above, making it easy for the readers, to weigh and decide for themselves.

  • 1Divine Philosophy—means virtue/religion based philosophy.
  • 2Always serving their purpose regardless of our favorable or unfavorable understanding of their operations.
  • 3 Moral philosophy and Modern Morality are interchangeably used.

Why Islam, cannot be Liberalized?

September 1, 2017
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Why Islam, cannot be Liberalized?

From the earliest time of Islam; even during the period of the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH); attempts had started being made, by various groups such as Jews, Christians, and Pagans, to change/reshape Islam. God, therefore, guided Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) to guard against t he temptations of such offers. Saying: “They wish that you would soften [in your position], so they would soften [in return, their position toward you], and do not obey every worthless habitual swearer, [And] scorner, going about with malicious gossip – A preventer of good, transgressing and sinful, Cruel, and an illegitimate pretender” (Surah Al Qalam 68, V 9-13) God also guided the prophet (PBUH) saying: “O Prophet, strive against the disbelievers and the hypocrites and be harsh upon them. And their refuge is Hell, and wretched is the destination” (Qura’an 66:98)

“Many of the People of the Scripture (including liberals and reformists) wish they could turn you back to disbelief after you have believed, out of envy on their own account [even] after the truth has become clear to them. So pardon and overlook until Allah delivers His command. Indeed, Allah is over all things competent” (Qura’an 2:109). On the other hand, God took upon Himself to protect the main source of injunctions—The Holy Qura’an— declaring–”Indeed, it is We who sent down the Qura’n and indeed, We will be its guardian” (Qura’an, 15:9). And warned (interpolator, reformists) saying: God revealed the book (Qura’an) with the truth, and those who disagree about the book (its essence or injunctions) are far out in the schism. (Qura’an 2:176) Consequently, every single word, every single consonant, every single vowel has remained intact till this day and will remain so until the end of the world. Currently, there are lots of so-called– reformists, Muslim and Non-Muslim alike, keen to reform Islam to suit their Westaphalic whims and liberal values. They perhaps liken its intended reformation to the reformation movement in Christianity. Such reformers normally are bereft of the knowledge of Islam and even if they have some, it is scanty and facile. They, however, sure have the fervor and zealotry of an extremist— defined by a great American Political theorist–Michael Walzer.

An interesting characteristic of these so-called reformers is that they want to swim along the—propaganda inflicted– liberal-mindset, by distorting Islam to conform to its modern liberal values. In Qura’an, it is stated that when it is said to them (reformers)“Do not cause corruption on the earth,” they say, “We are but (Musleh) reformers”, “Unquestionably, it is they who are the corrupters, but they perceive [it] not” (2:11-12)

This genre of reformist may also be traced in the cross-pollination of Martin Luther King and Rousseau.

God issued an absolute command not to accept the offer of the Jews and Christians (with their corrupted/abrogated ideas–which, by implication, also applies to so-called reformers, liberals, and modernists) in the following words. “Never will the Jews or the Christians be satisfied with you unless you follow their form of religion. Say:–Guidance of Allah is the only guidance. Were you to follow their desires after the knowledge which has reached you, then would you find neither protector nor helper against Allah” (Qura’an, 2:120). Here is yet another verse in Qura’an which forbids Muslims from wavering or taking an impermissible liberty in any field of life.”Those who believe, enter Islam completely, do not tow the lines of the Satan, who is your clear enemy” (Q 2:208) Supplemented by– “Life of this world is attractive (enticing) to nonbelievers; who ridicule those who believe—but—those who fear God(following all commands without deviation, distortion)will be successful (above disbelievers) in the hereafter” (Q 2:212)

After these absolute ordinances, no God fearing, sensible Muslim would dare accept their attenuating ideas. Recent chronology of the efforts to liberalize Islam Since the middle of the 19th century; due to the Protestant theological proliferation; a host of self-styled modernist, reformist, revivalist et al have sprouted in almost all Muslim-majority countries and in the western countries; with some concentration of Muslims. They pretend to have understood “The Real Islam” for the first time; adopting either an extremist or a liberal position, although both are untenable and in contravention of Islamic teachings of moderation. Sometimes they employ alien terms, to sound elitist and convincing, such as “religion is a matter of heart”, emotions or, a borrowed term from William James “religious experience” These pretenders, sometimes go as far as divesting Islam of its ritualistic performances; either absolutely or to a relegated level; consigning them to social exigencies or personal preferences, described as—a personal matter between man and God—-giving this deviation a flavor of Hobbesian individualism.

It is heart-wrenching to know that, Islam is being misconstrued and misrepresented in the West for a very long time, even by a leading publication such as Economist (London). “In persuading the Muslim majority countries to look upon themselves as the Eastern most part of the West, Economist argues, that Islam also implies one to one relationship between believer and the God he believes in, a direct contact without an intermediary and in this relationship, in which a single God speaks directly to the core of a single man, is the basis of individualism. The Protestant ethic is grounded on precisely the same concept” (Economist-Published on May 17-23, 1975 pg 80 Special Survey).

Tertiary guidance system in Islam The very concept of direct guidance (without an intermediary) in Islam is limited only to the first degree of guidance. (It is for every creature regardless of faith or level of comprehension) It is, however, not available, in the case of the second degree; where the intermediation of a prophet and scripture in inevitable, for it is specific to the believers to be imbued with the religious knowledge. Here is a Qura’anic verse which categorically excludes the nonbelievers (including doubters/agnostics) from the guidance of second degree; specific to Islam and a Muslims, for earlier Divine religions stand abrogated. “Whosoever believes in God, He guides his heart” (Q 64:11) also (Q47:11) & (Q 29:69) Third degree is reserved for the chosen ones such as:-“To whom God has blessed, namely, the prophets, the truthful, the martyrs and the righteous” (Q 4:69) further accentuated by “not the way of those who have earned your (God’s) wrath, nor of those who have gone astray” (Q 1:6 ){nonbelievers or apostates} (Note: – In the case of a gradual progress of some from 2nd to 3rd grade, an intermediation of 2nd level may, however, be involved. Very select few, such as the prophets and the men of God, would become entitled to special guidance absolutely directly—Example being the Prophet Muhammad, PBUH). For those, interested in further details on the subject of guidance, here is the link:- https://shakir2.wordpress.com/2016/10/03/psychological-dimension-of-quraan/

In Qura’an an emphasis is placed on the word “Musleh” which the reformers use to disguise their activities by, using colorful phrases—as mentioned above— and the ideas of social amelioration. Allah sternly warned such people by declaring: “And Allah knows the one who makes mischief distinct from him who promotes good” & “Do you think you will be left alone, as it is? God knows what you do (Q 2:220) & (9:16) Diehard reformist; who persist in their reformation agenda; mostly to appease their western impulse of modernity or to emulate western liberal values; while still claiming to their nostrum Islamic Identity, are in fact discreetly challenging the will of God as was done by the people of the old. “Evil is that for which they have sold out their selves: that they should deny what Allah has revealed, so they came out wrath upon wrath” Q 2:90 (Jews held a grudge against God as to why an Arab, (Muhammad-PBUH), instead of a Jew was awarded prophethood—for they wanted God to have acceded to their wish/desire).

This kind of strain of thought is often exhibited in complaints, atheist hurl at God’s retributive system.

Islam, in the Qura’an, Has been specifically designated as a moderate religion. In verse 143 of Surah Baqara, it is said: “We made you a moderate Ummah” (nation/community). Here is the exegetical account of this verse. God has bestowed upon the Islamic Ummah an unparalleled distinction of being moderate, balance, central and just. Exegetists also used a synonym “Mu’tadil” to fully explain the veracity of the word “Wast” (middle, central), which means moderate, temperate just, equal. For, it is of utmost importance for the health and vibrancy of any community/body to maintain its equilibrium and temperateness, else a deterioration or illness would ensue. This concept/doctrine of Moderation has been further elaborated in another verse (Q 57: 25) by pointing towards its objective, saying: “We sent Book and the Balance, so that men might uphold justice & We sent the iron in which there is great strength—it is of many uses for men” Book here signifies the source of guidance and Balance denotes justice, equilibrium, moderation and temperateness in man’s behavior with firmness and strength of the iron. The characteristics of the “TRUTH” & “JUSTICE” are further stressed in the verse (Q 7:181) “ We have created an Ummah (Of Muslims) which guides by the truth and by doing justice with it”(dispenses the justice guided by the truth).

EXCEPTIONALISM OF ISLAM Let us be clear about Islam that; it is distinctive in its relationship to politics and public life. Islam is different from any other Divine or even Major religions. It, therefore, entails profound ramifications for the world, we all live in. We may like it or not. We may accept it or not. Despite extreme Anti-Islam, Anti-Muslim sentiments, it is an enduring reality. The world has to understand it, respect it and live with its EXCEPTIONALISM.

Another fact to be borne in mind is that; Islam’s political dimension is also distinct from the West’s politico-religious experience of Protestant Reformation; followed by Enlightenment, culminated at modern-liberalism. That was in response to the Catholic Church’s Clerical stranglehold over the Christian doctrine and practices. Islamic doctrine and Practices, fortunately, face no such stranglehold, mainly due to its exceptionalism. Islam could not and would not be pushed into the private realm as was Christianity. This fact should be imprinted upon the minds of so–called Liberals and Reformists. Islamists from 1928 to date, despite their arduous gradualistic/continual approach, are reeling from their failures. Reformists, Liberals, therefore have no choice but to come to terms with Islam’s Exceptionalism. In mainstream Islam, clerics (unlike Catholic Clerics or Shia’a Clerics in Iran) do not wield power as such but rather provide a crucial check on the ruling class against excesses.Western cultural-essentialism however, prevents these liberals, reformists, from appreciating the role Islam is playing in the Muslim world and beyond.

These so-called reformists not only advocate a “progressive” (actually confuted) interpretation of the Islamic Laws but also its basic irrelevance to the public life—on the pattern of separation of religion from the politics in the west—the foundation of a pluralistic post-enlightenment, modern liberal society. Given the Islamic historical imperatives, it is not only difficult but almost impossible. Here is an interesting and enlightening quote, from late Harvard Scholar (a reformist) Shahab Ahmed: “of the capaciousness, complexity, and often outright contradiction contained within the historical phenomenon* of what we call Islam”. He further says: “But each faith tradition is also defined by boundaries expectations, and the accumulated weight of history. What religious scholars and lay believers alike have committed themselves to for centuries” –in the case of Islam, since its very founding— its (reformation) is irrelevant, for the simple reason that if something has never been done before, then it is least likely that it will start being done all of a sudden, fourteen centuries later.

It is continuously propagandized by the antagonists of Islam that it is a retrograde, medieval, backward, fundamentalist and anti-modernity religion of antiquity. Whereas Islam is the most modern, most sophisticated religion of any major religions. This presents us with a paradox: It is precisely the Islam and Islamic Law’s modern bent that makes Islam all the more relevant and resonant in today’s politics. Within Islam’s vast legal traditions, there are a number of ideas and precedents that lend themselves to modern notions of social justice, rule of law, egalitarianism, guaranteed women’s rights to own property, make their own living, compulsory redistribution of the wealth (Zakat—a mandatory year-end deduction/payment from the wealth held by a Muslim) and social security (Baitul-Mal—a state-managed public trust-fund) for older or handicapped people.

Freedom of Choice and rule of law Lacking, church-like (or Vatican like) dominant an institution, a Pope like head-clergy, availability of several schools of thought and the instrument of Ijtihad: there is ample scope of choice and adaptability. In Islam, due to its overarching corpus juris (Shari’a), both the caliph (head of state) and the subjects are treated equally. A caliph cannot claim unlimited or absolute (king-like) authority because the sovereignty belongs to God. All these instrumentalities ensure the freedom of choice and rule of law. (under the Islamic{ shaia’a}law, as the law of the land). In nutshell, there is no logical reason for Muslims to choose either Modernity or Liberal ReformationL over already most modern Islam. One could be fully modern and yet a fully-fledged good Muslim. Muslims, therefore, had never been in need of choosing between, their own traditions and those of others. Shura (Consultation) and Ijma’a (Consensus); the precursors of modern Democracy; are in fact, updated and repackaged products, borrowed from the Islamic heritage.

Failures of liberalization experiments At the time of religious and cultural encroachment through colonial rule, the assertion of Islam became distinctly political rather than just, or primarily, theological. Given its uniqueness, those (colonial) forces could not strip Islam of its better status, vibrancy and exceptionality: reducing it to just another religion. (Like Christianity) To the extreme surprise of many, Islam happened to be the most modern of Abrahamic religions. Islamic Corpus Juris (Sharia’a) proved to be more secular than the Christian conceptions of Law and Politics. It is a kind of the point of departure, since it is, kind of, the secularity of Sharia’a, which makes it more relevant and resonant in present political landscape. Islam already embraces the concepts of pluralism, politics, consultative and consensual processes (precursors of democracy) whereas, Christianity came into conflict and lost.

Egypt, Turkey, and Tunisia have a long history of reformation/liberalization of Islam as well as the Forced secularization (Westernization) experiments and their eventual failures. This trend, in the modern times, started in the 19th Century by Heavyweights such as Sayyed Qutub, Mohd Abduh, Jamal-Ud-din Afghani, Rashid Rida and Hassan Al Banna etc. This effort, despite miserable failures, is still underway owing to the current Islamists/reformers such as Ikhwan ul Muslemeen (Egypt), Erdogan (AKP), and Rached Ghannouchi (Ennahda). Ghannouchi of Tunisia tried to change Islamism and perhaps even Islam, assuming that the two are interrelated. He thought that the ideological divides somehow could be transcended by neutralizing them. The greatest failure of such Islamists/reformers is owed to their politicizing Islam; Polarization is inevitable when Islam seizes to be, as it once was, (unadulterated) the source of unity, solidarity, and consensus. The underlying reason for any such attempt’s failure is that Muslims by definition; as per the revised assessment of an Islamist Abdul Moneim Abul Futou; are Salafi, in the sense that they emulate the most pious earlier Aslaf (Prophet-PBUH, Companions, and two succeeding generations) and support the Sharia’a. Surprisingly, in most of the Muslim-majority countries and across the board, Muslims, despite all these reformation efforts, are becoming more devoutly observant.

He also confessed that the titles of liberal or Islamist/reformist are just for political exigency.
CONCLUSION Liberalism (a precursor of Atheism) and Islam cannot go together as the former fails to provide much except general disdain of religion and letting the men loose; to choose their own way of life (doing away even with the distinction between virtuousness and sinfulness); whereas later provides an affirmative vision for leading a benevolent and virtuous life in this world, as well as a blissful life in the next. (For a Muslim, it is the very foundation of his creed and purpose of being).

This is the main reason why liberals, reformists fall back on virulent anti-Islam attacks.

Islam for various cultural, historical and theological reasons is distinctive in how it relates to politics. Often recurring themes in the west such as “Islam is the Problem” and “Islam needs a reformation” are the result of liberals/reformists unwillingness and inability to understand, as to how and why Islam, in its original form, matters to so many all around the world? It is simply a modus Vivendi and raison d’etre for a Muslim.

Nation state & Islam Wael Hallaq, an Islamic Law scholar, charges Islamists being obsessed with the Modern-State. US foreign policy stalwarts such as Henry Kissinger and Dennis Ross charge them for being incompatible with the Westphalian order. It simply exposes the inherent weakness of the skewed thinking of Islamists/reformist. Nation state and Islam, despite their tenuousness, co-exist anyway!

Caliphate The concept of Caliphate, after the demise of Ottoman Empire in 1924, never died but rendered near-impossible. The emergence of Islamic State, despite its unwarranted violent behavior, colossal failures and possible annihilation, has nevertheless, resuscitated and strengthened the potential for a Pan-Islamic Caliphate on the Salafi Model (opposite to Islamic-State’s extremist model). For the West, The only long term solution (keeping up with its centuries-old traditions of inclusiveness and tolerance) is to let the Islam find its place in the western societies on the model of consensual democracy in the Western Europe. Islam for Muslims is as –non-negotiable—as the human rights are in the American Constitution and in those of many other countries. The operation of (Shari’a) courts should be allowed on the pattern of Canon Law Courts and Jewish Law Courts. West has to work around the ideological and foundational divides; which, most likely, will remain constant.

Statistical facts, validating the inexorability of Islam According to “The Almanac Book of Facts”, the population increased 137% within the past decade and the Christianity increased 46%, while Islam increased 235%. 100,000 people per year converting to Islam, only in America. For every 1 male convert to Islam 4 females convert to Islam.

https://shakir2.wordpress.com/ https://www.facebook.com/shakir.mumtaz https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Shakirmwp https://shakir2.wordpress.com/20…/…/10/disjunctive-sequel-2/

Source Material: Various Books, Qura’an, Tafseer and Shadi Hamid’s Islamic Exceptionalism.

*Much of the early Islamic history (not the religion) available today is based on the Ahadith and is challenged for lack of basis in primary source material and contradictions based on secondary material available. (History should not be confused with the actual Islam—primary source for which is, the Holy Qura’an and only authentic Ahadith as the secondary source). Italic text

Can Muslims be friends with non-Muslims, especially Jews and Christians?

May 7, 2017

“Oh you who believe, do not take (such) Jews and Christians as friends and allies who themselves are friends and allies of each other. And whoever of you (Muslims) turn to them (with friendship and alliance) becomes, verily, one of them; behold, Allah does not guide such evildoers.” (Qur’an, 5:51)

Answer.

It is rather enjoined upon Muslims to be compassionate, courteous and fair in dealing with Non-Muslims and especially so with the People-Of-Book. Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) has set many examples of it.

It is, however, strictly forbidden to take them as intimate friends or supporters; for they are considered enemies of Allah, therefore for a Muslim one can not be his friend who is the enemy of his Lord. On the face of it, it may seem anti-social or discriminatory but logic and rationality defy such assertions.

Some Muslims; due to lack of understanding, quote verse (60:9); where it is mentioned that—-”Allah only forbids you from those who fight you because of religion and expel you from your homes and aid in your expulsion”, to justify being friends with Christians and Jews as moderate or liberal in their social behavior and Also presenting Islam; in their naivete, as a moderate, modern or liberal religion.

They are oblivious to the fact that Islam is the most modern, liberal and moderate of all Divine religions. (2:143)

The injunctions in verse (60:9) were applicable only to the war situation at the time of the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) and not to the normal situation of nowadays. (validated by the renunciation of such friendships—even for future by one of the noble sahabah–Ubadah Ibn Samit and some others. (Exegesis Ma’araful Quran pg 189, Vol 3).

Verse # 1 of the same surah clearly supports this viewpoint.

For a clear Understanding, one has to read all forbidding verse in conjunction, as ordained in verse 85 of surah Baqarah (2).

READ— A comprehensive writing on this Topic.

https://shakir2.wordpress.com/2017/08/31/interpersonal-relationship-between-muslim-and-non-muslim/

Color-Coding Worship

February 8, 2017

 

Full length side view of creative business people standing in row against white background Stock Photo - 48353568

This phenomenon is peculiar to the west where people are recognized and operate by their color coding. Whites, Black, Brown and so on. This phenomenon does not enter in the thought-process of most other societies. In very few instances this codification could be a beneficial but overall, it is unhealthy and repugnant. Black Color, most often, is the common topic of discussion whereas others are just taken for granted and in opposition to it.

West always whining about the assimilation of migrants, never really seriously addressed the issue of African-American assimilation. It instead has festered into a stigma of the western society. Color-Codification, therefore, is bad and repugnant in opposition as well as in agreement. For when one tends to be in agreement within the codification, instantly, he, by implications, also assumes to be in opposition to the other groups. Then the society starts espousing biases and prejudices. Some of us cross all limits in color allegiance and become an accomplice in all probable ills. At the extremity, the aggrandizement and celebration of these wrongs take place at the cost of assimilation. As often seen, this behavior in the west has morphed into a culture of vengeance, defiance, and rejection. It at times tramples all boundaries of common sense, morality, and religiosity when color allegiance runs supreme. It is a very dangerous state of affairs for any multicultural and pluralist society. Academicians, intellectuals and Social scientists need to play their role in correcting this behavioral trend.

https://shakir2.wordpress.com/
https://www.facebook.com/shakir.mumtaz
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User_talk:Shakirmwp/sandbox (Islam’s liberalization)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Shakirmwp (Moral-Philosophy)
https://shakir2.wordpress.com/2014/…/10/disjunctive-sequel-2 (Sharia)
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PUBLISHED
TRANSGENDERED–EUNUCH, Why Muslims are Shari’a Averse? & Masturbation from an Islamic perspective.
West’s Moral Dilemma. (Polygamy & POW women captured in War).
Psychological Dimension of Qura’an.(tnagibility & vassal).
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UPCOMING ARTICLES.
The Scientific Explanation of Verse 4 of Surah Teen (Fig) # 95.
The Soul.
Empirical Evidence of God’s Existence.

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