Posts Tagged ‘Faith’

Interpersonal relationship between Muslim and Non-Muslim

August 31, 2017

“Let not the believers take those who deny the truth for their allies in preference to the believers since he who does this cuts himself off from God in everything – unless it is to protect one against them in this way. But God warns you to beware of Him: for with God is all journeys’ end.” (Q, 3:28) 

 

Muslim seem oblivious to or Ignorant of this important aspect of Islamic teachings. Befriending Non-Muslim has become cursorial; Muslim are dealing and even living with them (in a relationship) like with their fellow Muslim. {Muslim women marrying Non-Muslim men is strictly forbidden and Haram) Read: – https://shakir2.wordpress.com/2015/06/22/muslim-women-marrying-non-muslim-men/

 

Although, it can be easily understood from the Qura’anic text that dealing with the Non-Muslims, despite the requisite cordiality, compassion and empathy, ought to be within defined limitations. Non-Muslim should be helped and dealt with on purely humanitarian/empathetic grounds, but without, any emotional attachment. Such attachment is permissible only with fellow Muslim. The obviating reason is that they do not subscribe to Islamic faith/religion and are rather against it. Disbelievers (in Islam) are described in Qura’an as the enemies of Allah (SWT)(Q, 8: 59,60) {Despite the fact that, they may express nothing of the sort, or may even offer a favorable opinion—which would tantamount to a lip service in the face of their disbelief}.

Note:- From the Psychological point of view, such contents of words may be fallacious, due to their (Non-Muslim) long ingrained and sustained experiences otherwise, for their body language would be sending a (true but) contrary messages.  

A formal friendship at the level of mutual dealing is, no doubt, permissible; but, that too is not favored if Unnecessary.

In Qura’an it has been declared repeatedly that– they would like to see you adopting their faith and way of life. (Psychological truth)  From everyday experiences; it is clearly evident that most often; Muslims who befriend with Non-Muslims; imitate and emulate them, compromising their distinct identity and religion. So called liberal/secularist/modernist Muslim even talk in their language, temerariously criticizing Islam, Qura’an and the Prophet (PBUH). It has therefore been sternly warned that such people cut off any bond with Allah (SWT), for they become one of them (disbelievers)          (Q, 3:28).

Allah (SWT) in Qura’an, used the word “Zalimun” instead of “Kafiroon”; Likely widening the scope, to include such people.  Allah therefore clearly forbids a true Muslim from keeping the company of not only the Non-Muslims but also of those, acting like them. It has been said in (Q, 6:70) that “unbelievers; are the people, who have been detained in the punishment of their evil deeds”. Which is further articulated in verse (Q, 47:15) by declaring that “their entrails will be shattered apart” (due to drinking boiling water as the punishment for their denial and disbelief). This verse also informs that their disbelief is harmful to those who like to sit in their company hence would be caught up in the same punishment as the disbelievers. (Ma’araful Qura’an Pg. 393, vol 3). As the wrong environment affects its surrounding so does the bad company by pushing human beings into the abyss of sinfulness. “This is how Allah (SWT) brings disgrace, damnation upon those who do not believe, for their hearts are not open for the truth but dash for the evil”. (Q, 6:125).

 

 

Several verses, with varying shades of meanings, against the FRIENDSHIP WITH NON-MUSLIMS are presented in the Holy Qura’an. Some of which are:-

IMPORTANT NOTICE

 One should not pick and choose a verse to present his/her own (skewed) point of view instead a collective outcome, of all the verses on the topic, should be the one guiding and binding. (Q, 2: 85 & 4: 150)

 

Allah’s enemy is your enemy.

“O those who believe do not take my enemy and your enemy as friends having love for them and whosoever from among you do that have gone astray” (Q, 60:1)

 A friend with them is one of them.

“O those who believe do not take Jews or Christian as friends, for they are friends among themselves. And whosoever has friendship with them is one of them” (Q, 5:51)

 Believers shouldn’t befriend with unbelievers, even if kinfolk.

“You shall not find those who believe in Allah and in the hereafter having friendship with those who have enmity with Allah and His Messenger, even though they may be their fathers or sons or brothers or members of their tribes” (Q, 58:22)

 

Feeling honored/proud by having Non-believers as friend

Those, who take disbelievers as their allies instead of the believers, Do they seek with them honor {through power}? But indeed, honor belongs to Allah (SWT) entirely. (Q, 4:139)

 

Sitting in the company of Non-believers

And it has already come down to you in the Book that when you hear the verses of Allah (SWT) (recited), they are denied (by them) and ridiculed; so do not sit with them until they enter into another conversation. Indeed you would then be like them. Indeed Allah (SWT) will gather the hypocrites and disbelievers in Hell all together, (Q, 4:140)

 

The only friends

Your friends can only be Allah (SWT), His Prophet (PBUH) and those who believe” (Q, 5:55)

 

Social interaction with Non-Muslims, for clear understanding and exercising due restraint, has been described, under four (4) categories.

Mawalat. (Affairs of the Heart) –For Allah knows what is in your hearts–(3:29) (Relations involving Love or Emotional attachment).

This is specifically What all these verses vehemently prevent a Muslim from.

 

Psychological reasoning

 Need to belong

According to the hierarchy of needs, humans need to feel love (sexual/non-sexual) and acceptance from others. In fact, the need to belong is so innately ingrained that it may be strong enough to overcome physiological, safety needs, as well as religious restraints, such as children’s attachment to abusive parents or staying in abusive romantic relationships or a Muslim woman marrying a Non-Muslim man. Such examples illustrate the extent to which the psychobiological drive to belong is entrenched hence harmful (one may, therefore, appreciate the rationale and vehemence with which Islam prohibits such a bond between the two with clashing/contradicting religious beliefs.

 

 Attachment Theory

Social acts that reinforce feelings of attachment also stimulate the release of neurotransmitters such as oxytocin and endorphin, which alleviate stress and create feelings of contentment. Such contentment, however, may prove to be fleeting due to ingrained religious disparity and even if it is fictitiously presumed to be there, in the beginning, may evade soon.

 

Prophetic injunctions

Apart from the above cited psychological reasons, there is a logically reasoned Injunction issued by the Prophet (PBUH) which lays the ground rules for an association (particularly the marriage as any other type of association is out of the question in Islam).

 

In Islam, there is a concept of “Kuf” which means —equal, alike or matching. Under this Principal, there are two sub clauses which need to be considered when accepting/rejecting the marriage proposals. (or contemplating an association for that matter).

 

These are “Lineal Homogeneity” & “Familial Homogeneity” Prophet has instructed that girls should be married in their”Kuf” which means—equality(compatibility)—rather than equalness. The likeness of spouses in their religion is incumbent and necessary for the validity of the marriage. The marriage of a Muslim girl with a disbeliever is not valid; even if the girl agrees to it. (So is not the interpersonal relationship). (religio-legal verdict—hukme-tashriee).

 The rationale here is that it is not simply the matter of “right of woman”; which may be dropped at her pleasure, Instead, it is the “right of God” –a Divine- injunction, under the clause of Familial Homogeneity. 

 A question or doubt may be raised about the whole religio-legal-verdict stated above. The validity of it has very eloquently and in unequivocal terms been stated in Qur’an as– “Prophet has more right to men and women of his (Ummah) community than their own selves” and also that “And it becomes not a believing man or woman, when Allah and His prophet have decided an affair (for them) that they should claim any “say” in that matter”      Surah Al Ahzab 33, V 6 & 36

 Finally, Allah forbade such relationship in categorical terms in Surah “Mumtahinah”–(She who is examined) #60, V – 10–in the following words “Neither these (Muslim women) are lawful for them, Nor are those (unbelievers) lawful for these (believing) women” All such relationships which existed at the time of revelation of this verse were ipso-facto severed.

 Muwasat. (Concern)

Non-Muslims ought to be dealt with favor, generosity, compassion, sympathy, and concern. It also includes charitable help and support, condolence, consolation or any other well-intentioned attitude of wishing them well.  Confirmed in the following verse:

“Allah does not forbid you from treating those, who have not fought with you because of your faith, nor have they driven you out of your homes, with benevolence and equity” (Q, 60:8)

 Mudarat. (Cordiality)

This category of dealings involves customary cordiality, adequacy in courtesy, pleasant and mannerly politeness.

Muamalat. (Dealings)

This category involves things such as employment, wages, industry, technology, business dealings, benevolence, and human-interests.  

Note: Most of the permissible interactions, however, would become impermissible if it becomes harmful to the interest of the general body of Muslims such as arms sales to a group fighting against Muslims.(war situation exemptions to older folks, Non belligerent folks, children, religious folks(priests/monks etc), places of worship, livestock and crops/orchards etc nevertheless, would apply).

Exception

An exception; under the category of MAWALAT; where there is a severe threat to one’ life or overarching-interest, is allowed. “Unless you guard yourselves against an apprehension from them” in such a case an (outwardly) expression of affection and love is permissible (Q, 3:28). This position is also supported by the Hadith, “Allah (SWT) has forgiven my people from, mistakes, forgetfulness, and acts done under compulsion/duress” (*1)

 Concealment of feelings of affection and love for Non-believers                           (Do not incline towards unjust, lest Hell fire catches you) (Q, 11:113)

At times it happens that people emotionally attached to Non-Muslims verbally deny it in the presence of fellow Muslims. Such people have been warned by Allah in the following words, “whether you conceal what is in your heart or disclose it, Allah knows it” (Q, 3:29)

 A superficial look at the inhibitive verses might generate an intolerant view of Islam which is dispelled in various verses of the Holy Qura’an, Ahadith, Sunnah and the dealings of the revered Companions.

 How Prophet (PBUH), Sahabah & Khulafa’a dealt with Non-Muslims?

Examples

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), at the time of famine in Mecca, personally went out to help his enemies who drove him out of Mecca earlier.

Then after the conquest of Mecca, he gave general amnesty to all those who fought against him.

Caliph Umer Farooq allowed stipends and allowance to needy Non-Muslims living under his rule.

 An Obvious question, however, may arise here, why Allah (SWT) has warned against the friendship with Non-Muslims so sternly?

The answer is given through a Qura’anic verse and a Hadith (Bukhari and Muslim).  “My Prayer, my sacrifice, my life, my death all are for Allah, the Lord of the worlds” (Q. 6:162) Prophet (PBUH) has been reported to have said “Whoever loves for the sake of Allah (SWT) and whoever hates for the sake of Allah (SWT), has perfected his faith”(*2) It means that Iman/Faith remains incomplete unless a Muslim’s love, friendship, hate and enmity all are subordinated to Allah Almighty. That is why at the end of verse 3:28, for the ones who defy this injunction, it is said that “you are one of them”.

The premise on which the edifice of—“No-intimate relationship with Non-Believers”— is based is the primal purport of the temporal life of a Muslim.

The primal-purport of a Muslim’s life is to remember and serve Allah (SWT). Everything else including all affairs of life, politics, business, Government and social relationships ought to be subservient to this primal purport.

Conclusion

(Allah (SWT) therefore has strongly forbidden an intimate friendship/relationship with any Nonbelievers under any circumstances).

*1–An-Nawawi’s Hadith No.39 (On the authority of Ibn Abbas). A  Hasan (fair)  Hadith related by Ibn Majah, Al-Baihaqi and others.

*2–Sunan Abu Dawud 4681, Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Albani.

 

AUTHOR’S PRAYER.

It is hoped that this treatise would help men and women of understanding in tackling the endemic of the entrenched interpersonal relationship between Muslims and Non-Muslims with Divine guidance; provided through Qura’an and Hadith, while applying human logic and reasoning as well rather than succumbing to the reflexes of sentimentality.

Note:        An abridged form of this topic.

https://shakir2.wordpress.com/2017/05/07/can-muslims-be-friends-with-non-muslims-especially-jews-and-christians/

 

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Does Islam support pantheism?

July 16, 2017

 

Does chapter (Q, 57:3) prove that Islam supports pantheism? It is said by the proponents of Pantheism, that everything that exists is Allah (in the image of Allah) and will eventually return to Allah. Is it the correct interpretation of the verse? 

There are a variety of definitions of pantheism. Some consider it a theological and philosophical position concerning Allah (SWT).

As a religious position, some describe pantheism as the polar opposite of atheism. From this standpoint, pantheism is the view that everything is part of an all-encompassing, Immanent God. All forms of reality may then be considered either mode of God, or identical with Him.

Some hold that pantheism is a non-religious philosophical position. To them, pantheism is the view that the Universe (in the sense of the totality of all existence) and God are identical (implying a denial of the personality and transcendence of God).

Here are various translations of the verse quoted above.

Asad: He is the First and the Last, 1 and the Outward as well as the Inward: 2 and He have full knowledge of everything.

Malik: He is the First and the Last, the Evident and the Immanent, and He has the knowledge of all things.

Pickthall: He is the First and the Last, and the Outward and the Inward, and He is Knower of all things.

Yusuf Ali: He is the First and the Last the Evident and the Immanent: and He has full knowledge of all things. 5276

Explanation of # 5276—-Allah is Evident in so far as there is ample evidence of His existence and providence all around us. On the other hand, Allah is hidden in so far as intellect cannot grasp His essence nor can He be seen in the present world. The following tradition in Sahih Muslim is also significant for an understanding of this verse. The Prophet (PBUH) said: (H) “Thou art the First, so that there was nothing before Thee; and Thou art the Last, so that there is nothing after Thee; and Thou art Evident, (or Ascendant) so that there is nothing above Thee, and Thou art the Hidden, the Knower of hidden things, so that there is nothing hidden from Thee.”

Here is something to be noticed that in any of the translation of the Qura’anic text there is nothing even faintly hinting that “Anything (created) is part of an all-encompassing, immanent God” Which has categorically been declared in (Q, 112:4) “There is nothing like Him”

The negation of Pantheism could best be presented by quoting none other than–Abu ‘l Hasan Ali b. Uthman b. Ali Al-Ghaznawi Al Jullabi  Al Hujwiri–{Lahore Fame, Data Gunj Baksh}.

Although he was Sunni/Hanifite, Al Hujwiri reconciled his theology with an advanced type of Sufiism; in which the notion of “annihilation–FANA” holds a dominant place, he scarcely went to such an extreme length which would have justified he being called a pantheist. He strenuously resisted the doctrine that human personality can be merged and extinguished in the being of God. He rather denounced it as heretical.

He compared the annihilation to that of burning by fire; which transmutes the quality of all things burnt to its own quality but leaves their essence unchanged.

He also concurred with his Spiritual-director, Al-Khuttali that the term “sobriety” should be adopted instead of intoxication in the Sufi parlance.

He also emphatically warned his followers/readers that no Sufi, not even those who have attained the highest degrees of Holiness, are exempt from the obligations of obeying the religious law (Sharia’a).

He defended Al Hallaj’s utterances by saying that they are pantheistic only in appearance yet condemning his docrine as unsound.

He was clearly anxious to present Sufism as the true representation of Islam by paying homage to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).                                                                   [Excerpts are reproduced, with slight editing, from his book Kashf Al-Mahjub]

CONCLUSION

This verse quoted above, however, does not in any form or shape subscribe to the man-made, philosophical or theosophical, construct.

Purely Philosophical position; denial of the existence of God, is simply beyond the realm of any rational argument.

shakir2.wordpress.com

Scuttling the Mental Capacity

August 22, 2015

brain-spinal-cord_851_600x450

Surah Sad 38, V26, 27
And it was said unto him; O David, Lo! We have set thee as a viceroy in the earth; therefore judge aright between mankind, and follow not desire that beguile thee from the way of God. Lo! Those who wander from the way of Allah have an awful Doom, forasmuch as they forgot the day or reckoning (26). We created not the heaven and the earth and all that is in between them in vain. That is the opinion of those who disbelieve. Andwoe unto those who disbelieve in the hell fire! (In the hereafter)

Surah Al Mumin 40, V-10
It was announced by the clearest of the proclamation that our abhorrence—-for those who were invited to believe but refused—-is more terrible, than the abhorrence you have for one and another.

Human-beings use about 2 to3% of the brain potential; which is roughly about 2000 images/frames per second.
Eintstein—-a genius—-reportedly used up to 5 to 7 %

In fact human brain is capable of
400——million——-billion per second Impressions/movements/frames.

Positivism is the philosophy of science that positive facts, information derived from sensory experience, including spirituality, interpreted through rational or logical and mathematical treatments, form the exclusive source of all authoritative knowledge;[1] and that there is valid knowledge (certitude of faith or truth) only in this derived knowledge.[2] Verified data (positive facts) received from the senses are known as empirical evidence, thus is positivism based on empiricism.

When Atheist/Deniers/Deviants refuse to contemplate about God, Faith, Religion & Hereafter they scuttle brain use even further hence the mental illnesses set in. Life consists of two parts, Physical and Spiritual (in another way mind and matter) Non-Believers live only in the physical realm of Materiality and Science but due to sheer ignorance and induced hatred refuse to entertain the idea of the THE REAL REALM–Spirituality; hence deprive themselves of the Subtle Mother Realm; under which the laws of the physical realm operate. Material world is synonym of Physical world and Phy—stands for reverting to origin—–which is the inevitable end of all that which has ever been or would be created. Return to the Creator. There is NO escape. This is what Non-Believers fail to envision. An integral, undeniable, unavoidable Realm of life–Spirituality. Spirituality is the gift only from the Creator. Spirit can not be cultured or cultivated in any Physical/Material laboratory. Which Non-Believers abhor !!!!
How come then they would not be scuttling the function of their Brains, by just living half the life. Should it not be called—MISFIT SYNDROME ?????

Atheists embarrassed: study proves atheism uses less brain function

This has to be embarrassing . . . if you’re an atheist. A new study performed at the University of York used targeted magnetism to shut down part of the brain. The result: belief in God disappeared among more than 30 percent of participants.

That in itself may not seem so embarrassing, but consider that the specific part of the brain they frazzled was the posterior medial frontal cortex—the part associated with detecting and solving problems, i.e., reasoning and logic.

In other words, when you shut down the part of the brain most associated with logic and reasoning, greater levels of atheism result.

God-Guarded sanctity of Qura’an

July 29, 2015

Qura'an

“Lo! Those who distort our revelations are not hid from us. Is he who is hurled into the fire better, or he who comes out secure on the day of resurrection? Do what you will. Lo! He is seer of what you do.     Say to them—for those who believe it is guidance and healing—-and for those who disbelieve, there is deafness in their ear and it is blindness for them. Such are (those who are) called to from afar” (customarily unable to comprehend)                                      (Surah Sajda 41, V 40 & 44)

In Qura’an and Hadith terminology the Arabic word used—ILHAD—means to deviate from the verse (meaning) of the Qura’an.  Lexically this word means –deviation, open denial, misinterpretation distortion in essence. (Particularly when apparently there exists an impression of belief–expressed or implied—but attributing self assumed misleading meaning—or the use of the meaning in irrelevant places; just to prove one’s point. (In contravention of the recognized and accepted meanings and use of the verse) It falls in the category of hypocritical Kufr. (infidelity)

Further is it declared that Qura’an is protected by God hence, is unassailable, God holds this book very dear and no falsehood can enter it. (V-41)     In Surah Hijr # 9 it is said “It is We, even We, who revealed the Qura’an and it is We, who will protect it”

Hipocrisy

April 29, 2015

Hypocrisy

One of the early wars fought by Muslims is “Al-Ahzab” which has several distinctive features but it became famous due to a new war-strategy of trench–“Al-Khandaq”— which was the brain-child of Salman Farsi (R.A). Salman Farsi, a Persian by descent, freed himself from an artificially imposed slavery of a Jew and devoted his life to Islam. He observed this strategy being practiced by Persians. When he broached this idea to the Prophet (PBUH) he accepted it since it would protect Muslims from out of Madina massive attack. Trench dug at the entrance to Madina at the time of Al-Ahab war was about three and a half miles long, about 6 ft deep and 6 feet wide and completed in just six days. Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) practically participated in digging this trench. This war was fought in lashing winter and financially straitened conditions. Most of the Sahabah including Prophet went hungry for days. Total number of fighters was three thousands with only thirty six horses. Opposing army was a coalition of several Jewish, Meccan, Quresh, tribes some of which are Aslam, Ashja, Banu Murrah, Banu Kinanah, Fazarah and Ghittan consisting of 12000 to 15000 well equipped men, more than 300 horses and 1000 camels. One of the tribes of Madina, Bani Quraizah, who had a peace treaty with the Muslims also broke off and joined the enemy forces. This multiplied the danger from within and without Madina. The coalition was formed in the hope of eliminating the new religion once for all.

In the course of digging the trench, a huge glossy rock impeded the process and the matter was referred to Prophet. Prophet came to the site and took the matter in his own hands and struck the rock reciting a short verse of Qura’an (Surah Al Anam 6, V-115) meaning—“And the word of your Lord is perfect in truth and justice—none is there to change His words”. Prophet struck the rock three times and each time 1/3rd of it broke off. Some of the Sahaba, (Companions) (R.A) observed a gleaming light emerging from it at all three occasions. Upon inquiring Prophet explained that in the First light I was shown the cities of Yaman and those of Cyrus and in the Second I was shown the red palaces of Byzantine thereupon Arch Angel Jibril (R.A) gave me the good news that your ummah (Nation/Community) will conquer them. Hearing this Muslims felt at peace and assured of their successes in the times to come.      (Muslims may recited this Surah while undertaking some difficult task)

Upon hearing this prediction, hypocrites, who were with Muslims just to keep their cover and half heartedly involved in digging the trench, started taunting Muslims, by asking, do you really believe what Prophet has said? Look at you! Who are digging this trench and so overwhelmed that can’t even take care of personal needs. Do you really believe you will be the conqueror of the kingdoms of Byzantine and Persia as promised? This is what is expressed in Surah Al Ahzab, 33 V- 12 “And those having malady in their hearts were saying “Allah and His Prophet did not promise us but deceitfully”

The time was so critical for Muslims that the whole faith was at stake. Strenuous and strained circumstances, fear of enemy massive attack from within and without. On top of it all hypocrites were trying to plant the doubts in their minds. Had it worked! Would have been immensely devastating and most probably changed the course of Muslim History. By the grace of Allah however, it was braved by righteous Muslims with absolute belief in Allah and His Prophet. Exemplary immutability of true believers was displayed.  Trench proved to be very effective in holding back the enemy fighters for significant period of time. In this period some tactical and diplomatic initiatives were undertaken and desired results achieved. This war was won with flying colors by the will and grace of Allah. Eventually the prediction also came true and Sahabah (R.A) witnessed the Conquests of Byzantine and Persia   first hand. Hypocrisy of the hypocrites stood exposed.


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