Posts Tagged ‘Islam’

Scientific rationalism, reason vs. Religious Faith

January 6, 2018

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These are two different fields of knowledge and inquiry. It would be naïve to compare them on any logical basis, for they are not compatible and human logic and reasons, including scientific knowledge; restricted to tangibility, empiricism, and repeatability, cannot transcend into the realm of spirituality.

Such questions are generally raised by those who are staunch believers in material/tangible world only. They fail to even imagine or entertain the idea that; there could exist another realm beyond their area of comprehension; despite the fact that they invariably acknowledge the limitation and fallibility of human knowledge, reason, and logic, including taken for guaranteed scientific knowledge. They also talk about many dimensions of the Universe but exclude the spiritual one due to ingrained anti-faith arrogance and rigidity.

Most often a misunderstanding of the earlier religious figures or even nonreligious figures; who laid some kind of claims in the name of religion; which turned out to be false are being exploited to justify the incorrigibility of reason, logic and scientific knowledge, which in itself is deceit and treachery. There are, on the other hand, numerous claims made by scientist community; being transient and tentative — as per the Pierce Doctrine of “Fallibilism”–turned out to be false, should they not then be used similarly to validate the religion/faith?

The good news, however, is that there is a growing breed of people; who have the capacity and will to traverse both the realms with equal ease and certainty. This approach is the only approach which will augment and extend, the understanding and the ensuing benefits of both the realms, to the human race.

Needless to stress the reality, that the Creator of the science is also the Creator of all the universe (s) dimensions including spiritual one. We cannot go too far by just acknowledging and depending only on one of the dimensions of—materiality, tangibility, empiricism and repeatability. We ought to learn to transcend and traverse both (and all) the realms to better understand and benefit fully.

https://shakir2.wordpress.com/2017/12/17/epistemological-theology/

For further reading:- May GOD be dispensed with?

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Reality

January 6, 2018

 

Image result for pictures of nebula

Reality is subjective and perceptive in a spatial-temporal world. It has as many shades as seekers. it entails priori (analytical) and posteriori (synthetic) justification resting on innate ideas. It transforms into a new dimension when experienced through spiritual wisdom–beyond the realm of space-time. It remains available to the one witnessing it from priori and posteriori justification standpoint and also to believer, follower, adherent out of sheer devotion and reverence through posteriori knowledge only. The first one could be Gnostic, saint, Sufi, Mystic and the later one, a follower, devotee, faithful. believer, or a seeker of reality and truth. It is not however yet a destination but a state/stage/rank in the Quest for Ultimate reality!

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Do animals also feel pain?

December 24, 2017

Most animals, as well as plants, do.

In my opinion, anything which can be perceived to have been endowed with any level of consciousness (Humanly cognizable or not) does have the sense of joy and gloom, which would be a consequence of obedience or disobedience to its Creator.

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Is Allah’s wrath; like Anger, a human weakness?

December 24, 2017

“Anger” is not a proper translation of the word “Ghazab” however, the closest proper English equivalent would be “wrath”. Allah’s wrath is one of His characteristics. It, however, is not a characteristic passed onto human beings as such—but a much milder version of it “anger”. Logically and rationally human beings are incapable of handling the intensity and wholesomeness of any of His Characteristics. Justice is also one of His characteristics and passed onto human beings in the similar fashion. “Unjustness” or “In-justice” however, is not one of His characteristics but human beings practice it due to their innate unsavory impulses. When human beings; despite His countless blessings; transgress; doing an injustice to His right(s); it results in His “wrath”, which is quite logical and rational consequence.

Unlike Human being, Allah (SWT) is all knowing and is beyond “injustice”, therefore, His wrath would be perfectly justifiable. It is only the human being who could be wrong in his expression of anger. Whereas, getting angry impulsively would be a weakness associable with him But not with Allah (SWT).

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Tazkiyyah-a-Nafs, (Self-Control).

December 24, 2017

“And keep yourself patient [by being] with those who call upon their Lord in the morning and the evening, seeking His countenance. And let not your eyes pass beyond them, desiring adornments of the worldly life, and do not obey one whose heart We have made heedless of Our remembrance and who follows his desire and whose affair is ever [in] neglect” (Q,18:28)

Improvisation

Keep your-self (Nafs) restrained/subdued by being in the company of those, who keep busy remembering their Lord, day and night (morn, eve) seeking His pleasure/approval/mercy. Do not let your-self (Nafs) evade their company by being attracted to the adornments of fleeting life (temporary worldly life). Do not be in the company of someone whose heart, We have rendered, barren of Our remembrance. The one who is the slave of his desires and, his disposition is utter neglect. 

 

(This may have also provided a justification (deduced) for   “Majalis” & “Halaqa”— group chanting, Mahafi—e–Sama’a etc—for ordinary people and the people of Sufi orders)

Needless (Poor) king of the Kings!

December 24, 2017

The one who is, selfless and sincere to the purpose of life; goodness towards others and, obedience to the Creator. He would never have to question anyone’s intention or motive for he is free of the expectations and needs. Sin (covetousness) is the destruction of the station of the needless. Needless (Poor) is the king of the Kings; for the covetousness and expectations are his slaves, and the Kings are slaves of their covetousness and expectations.

He (PBUH) said, “Have no desire for this world, Allah will love you; have no desire for what people possess, people will love you.” [Ibn Majah]

In the world of selfishness and materialism virtue becomes too feeble to even register.

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Demonizing, Repressing a Religious Minority!

December 19, 2017

 

 

 

DEMONIZING AND REPRESSING A RELIGIOUS MINORITY BECAUSE IT HAS DIFFERENT MORAL VALUES THAN THE MAJORITY CAN HAVE UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES.
A classically American approach that protects the many religious streams running together to form the American cultural heritage rather than damming one in favor of another. As historian Denise Spellberg observes of Thomas Jefferson’s view of Islam, “In the formation of the American ideal and principles of what we consider to be exceptional American values, Muslims were, at the beginning, the litmus test for whether the reach of American constitutional principles would include every believer, every kind, or not.” Jefferson didn’t care for Islam (or any organized religion, for that matter). But he understood that America would be stronger if citizens favoring one stream of its heritage vigorously argued its merits without seeking to place legal limits on those arguing for the merits of a different stream.
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Denise A. Spellberg (born c. 1958) is an American scholar of Islamic history. She is an associate professor of history and Middle Eastern Studies at the University of Texas at Austin. Spellberg holds a BA from Smith College (1980) and a Ph.D. (1989) from Columbia University.

Books

Politics, Gender, and the Islamic Past: The Legacy of ‘A’isha Bint Abi Bakr. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994.

Thomas Jefferson’s Qur’an: Islam and the Founders, New York: Knopf, October 1, 2013; ISBN 978-0307268228

Theological Epistemology

December 17, 2017

Is there such a thing as historical-epistemological theology? It investigates the theory of theological knowledge, belief as it matures and evolves throughout the ages?

Epistemology came into use in the second half of the 18 century whereas the Divine religions go back to the beginning of the Creation and Islam goes back to 6th Century. Therefore Divine religions predate the latent philosophical concepts and terminology. On the other hand, however, there is sure a mode of progression in the monotheism—-Sabianism, Judaism, Christianity and finally Islam. (The theme of monotheism remained focal and constant)

Its critical analysis, however, was not left to the human contemplation or logical reasoning alone but was answered, affirmed through the scriptures and the Prophetical delineations.

Repeated interpolation of the previous scriptures is a vivid example of the defective, maneuvered and contrived application of human reasoning and logic.

It, for the most part, therefore was put to an end by the Divine Himself by declaring in Holy Qura’an that your religion “Islam” has been perfected.

Contemplation, on ancillary matters, however, would continue until the end of the time; through Ijtihad; by the competent scholars and consensus thereupon, being essentials for the correct conclusions/solutions.

This process, nevertheless, is above and beyond the scope of mundane philosophical constructs and terminologies.

For lot, more info on related matters/issues read shakir2.wordpress.com

Are Ahadith (Word of God)?

December 13, 2017

There is a widespread misconception/disinformation about the Ahadith: in the minds of not only the Non-Muslims but also some Muslims, as if they are purely the personal utterances of the Prophet (PBUH); devoid of Divine sanction, hence not to be taken seriously as the Holy Qura’an. Ahadith and Sunnah constitute; the second most important source of Islamic teachings, explanation and practical manifestation, and an integral part of the Islamic Belief. [By denying/ignoring Ahadith and Sunnah one cannot claim to be following the Prophet, as ordained in the Holy Qura’an repeatedly.                    (Obey Allah and Obey the Prophet) (Q, 4:59)

Qura’an has been referred to as the Book (of Wisdom and Guidance) while the Ahadith and Sunan as “Hikmah” (Wisdom of Explanation/Presentation). (Q, 4:113)

Your companion [Muhammad] has not strayed, nor has he erred, nor does he speak from [his own] inclination. It is not but a revelation revealed, Taught to him by one intense in strength. (Q, 53:2–5)

 There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and (who) remembers Allah often. (Q, 33:21)

{Here Allah (SWT) has urged/directed believers to emulate the Prophet (PBUH) in seeking reward from Allah (SWT); while making it incumbent upon believers, to follow the prophet in his words and deeds}

 An esoteric/ delicate difference here, however, MUST be explained that the words of the Holy Qura’an and their meanings both are revelations’ from Allah(SWT)—called “Wahii-Mutloo”(recited). Ahadith, on the other hand, are the words of the Prophet (PBUH) but the meanings of Allah (SWT)—called “Wahii-Gher-Mutloo” (un-recited).

 Hopefully, this substantiated explanation, will clarify the immitigable position of Ahadith and Sunnan and put any doubts to rest. (Given the cognizance of human fallibility factor; in relaying a hadith wrongly, in altered form or with a broken chain of narrators etc; all Ahadith had been extensively scrutinized and categorized accordingly by the eminent scholars). Many liberals, agnostics, and non-believers, regardless, will still exploit this human fallibility factor to justify their doubts or ignorance.

MAY ALLAH (SWT) KEEP US ALL ON THE STRAIGHT-PATH.

 

Does one have to believe/agree with everything in Islam to be a Muslim?

October 27, 2017

First and foremost things is the pronouncement of—article of faith—-Shahadah.

Thereafter, in general, Islam demands for a “Blind Faith” in Unseen Allah, Angels, and the Hereafter; retribution, Hell and Heaven; along with the Prophet Muhammad as the last of the Prophets and Qura’an the Last Divine Un-Interpolated Scripture; a source of guidance and mercy, for the entire Human beings and Gene beings. One also has to believe in all the Prophets as and the Scriptures descended on them. Anyone falling short on any of these would not be considered a Muslim. (Q, 4: 150, 151, 152)

Indeed, those who disbelieve in Allah and His messengers and wish to discriminate between Allah and His messengers and say, “We believe in some and disbelieve in others,” and wish to adopt a way in between “

“Those are the disbelievers, truly. And We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment”

“But they who believe in Allah and His messengers and do not discriminate between any of them – to those He is going to give their rewards. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful”

Note: Jews and Christians who have already passed away before Islam would be judged on the basis of their Belief in Allah (His oneness) and Hereafter.

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