Posts Tagged ‘punishment’

QAZA (DELAY) IN PRAYERS  

November 4, 2015

 

Some Muslim take delay in prayers very lightly. Other even procrastinate on purpose and finish other tasks before finally offering their prayers. Delay in any type of prayer whether it be Mandatory, Compulsory or Supererogatory is frowned upon. (With two exceptions explained later)*1

Fuqha (Islamic Jurists) have deduced from Surah 8, V-24 that prayers should be offered on time, unless there is a valid excuse, which is translated as:-

“O Believers respond to Allah and to the Messenger when he calls you, to that which will give you life; and know that Allah (sometimes) stands between the man and his heart, and that you shall be mustered to Him”(God standing between man and his heart; apparently is an analogical expression that, He is watching keenly who is swift in responding to the call and who is not)

Delay in prayers is frowned upon and is reprehensible, “unless”, there is a legitimate and valid reason for not performing on due times. Another thing must also be understood very clearly, that despite (Fard) prayers being mandatory “on time” — is not part of this compulsion. There is a logical reason for it. (Explained later)*2

Surah Sad # 38, V 31- 33 lays down a test situation encountered by prophet Sulaiman (A.S) — in these words. “When swift hybrid horses were shown to him in the evening, (31) (while missing the ASAR prayer) he said I have preferred the good things of the world to the remembrance of my Lord, till they were taken out of sight behind the curtain (32) then he said Bring them back to me and fell to slashing with (his sword their) legs and necks” (33)

 

The event is explained in exegeses (tafaseer); that while he was inspecting swift and hybrid horses being prepared for forthcoming jihad, he got so engrossed patting them on their necks and shanks that he missed the Asar prayer. When he realized, he asked them to be brought back and ordered them to be sacrificed. (Few more events, taken from Islamic traditions and Ahadith, of attention-diversion during prayer and their amends)

 

Sahabi Abu Jahm (R.A) presented a throw over shawl to the prophet (pbuh) which had some design on it. Prophet used it once and then returned it, for he got distracted casting a glance at its design during prayer.

Sahabi Abu Talhah (R.A) while praying at his farm diverted his attention by looking at a bird. To make up for this diversion during the prayer he gave away the farm in Charity.

Famous Sufi Shibli (R.A) burnt his clothes as self imposed penalty.

Note: It is permissible to deprive oneself of some lawful things as a punishment for mending the aberrant self.  (“self” {nafs} control practice has been a common way of Prophets, Sahabah, sufis & Saints).

These examples show the importance of undiluted attention and timely offering of the prayers.

Explanation *1

Zuhr Prayer

Abu Hurairah and Abu Dharr.(R.A) Narrate that during a journey Bilal (R.A) wanted to make a call to prayer (Adhan) but Prophet (PBUH) asked him to wait till it cools down. Therefore Zuhr Prayer may be delayed in similar circumstances (purely) to emulate Sunnah.

Isha Prayer

It is always better to offer it late when not in congregation. Tajajjud should be offered around 4 O.C. It is not only Sunnah but also suggested in Qura’an at different places. (Surah Mu’min 40, V-55—Seek forgiveness for your sins and proclaim the purity of Allah in the Afternoon and at Dawn).

Explanation*2

The offering of “only-Fard” prayers is mandatory and offering them on time is desired, preferable and reward worthy.   “ON TIME” however, is not mandatory as it is not always humanly possible to be precise about the timing of each prayer and in all conditions. Allah (SWT) has, therefore, granted this convenience so that His slaves would not be not committing sins all the times. (Due to delays) however, there has to be a legitimate reason—not–deliberate procrastination).

 

Explanation 3

Supererogatory (Sunnah & Nafil) should better be offered before/after the Mandatory prayers, but if missed for some reason, may be offered at other times but are not necessary compulsory or mandatory at all.  Not performing them would not entail any punishment).

 

Explanation 4

Compulsory (Vitar & Sunan Muakkada) is also not necessary to be offered once missed.

 

Note:- Should there be any unintended misinterpretation or misrepresentation would be absolutely due to the neglect or inadequacy of the author of this piece. May Allah guide and forgive me for it.

 

 

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God-Guarded sanctity of Qura’an

July 29, 2015

Qura'an

“Lo! Those who distort our revelations are not hid from us. Is he who is hurled into the fire better, or he who comes out secure on the day of resurrection? Do what you will. Lo! He is seer of what you do.     Say to them—for those who believe it is guidance and healing—-and for those who disbelieve, there is deafness in their ear and it is blindness for them. Such are (those who are) called to from afar” (customarily unable to comprehend)                                      (Surah Sajda 41, V 40 & 44)

In Qura’an and Hadith terminology the Arabic word used—ILHAD—means to deviate from the verse (meaning) of the Qura’an.  Lexically this word means –deviation, open denial, misinterpretation distortion in essence. (Particularly when apparently there exists an impression of belief–expressed or implied—but attributing self assumed misleading meaning—or the use of the meaning in irrelevant places; just to prove one’s point. (In contravention of the recognized and accepted meanings and use of the verse) It falls in the category of hypocritical Kufr. (infidelity)

Further is it declared that Qura’an is protected by God hence, is unassailable, God holds this book very dear and no falsehood can enter it. (V-41)     In Surah Hijr # 9 it is said “It is We, even We, who revealed the Qura’an and it is We, who will protect it”

A Reminder for the Deniers/disbelievers

July 23, 2015
“Kun Fayakun”
 
God is the one who created you from dust, then from a drop of semen, then from a clot, then He brings you out as an infant, then makes you grow to maturity, then you become old—(though) some of you die early—and reach an appointed term. So you may understand. He is the one who gives life and death, and when He decides to do something He says “Be” and it comes to “Be”
 
God is the one who made for you the earth a place to live, and the sky a roof, and fashioned you and perfected your shape and provided you with good things. Such is God, your Lord, So Glorious/Blessed, the Lord of the worlds.
 
God is the one who made for you the nights so that you may rest therein, and the day to let you see. Lo! God is Lord of Bounty for mankind, yet most of the mankind give no thanks.
 
Your Lord has said “Call me, I will respond to you. Those who scorn worshipping me, they will enter Hell, disgraced.
 
This is said unto them “This is because you exulted in the earth without right and because you were petulant (irritable).  —Enter the Gates of Hell to live there forever. So how evil is the abode of the arrogant!!   (Surah Mumin # 40, & V – 67, 64, 61, 60,
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To Paradise with Children.

April 12, 2015

Children are instinctively adored and desired. Their existence ensures eugenic reproductive cycle and its continuity. In certain cultures children are enormously important for they represent status, continuity of hierarchy and fertility of the couple. People in such cultures may go to any extreme to produce children. This kind of compulsive obsession is in contravention of normal behavior as well as religious ethicality. Having off springs is a basal function of all living beings but for human being, due to his status as “Crown of the Creation” and subjective to “retributive judgment” it becomes extremely consequential. It is like carrying a bare double edged sword; for they could turn out to be useful or hurtful. Well educated, well mannered, well placed are nothing but an asset and mercy for the parents, whereas socially unacceptable, unproductive, illiterate a source of shame and chastisement. Parent’s role is crucially deterministic for either of these situations. It is therefore, of utmost importance that they are socially and culturally acceptable in temporal world and amenable to the hereafter.

In normal circumstances Children’s “expediently beneficial status”, in the overall scheme of the world, may remain intact but their “necessarily beneficial status” would be marginalized if their excessive desire/love becomes a cause of distraction from or neglect of obligatory religious duties. It is said in Qura’an in Surah Anfal-8, V-28 & Surah Tagaabun (mutual disillusion) 64, V-15—“Beware! your wealth and your children are but a distraction/trial” Then in Surah Al-Kahaf 18, V-46 it is elucidated—“Wealth and Children are adornments of the life of this world” then it is further explained in Surah Aale-Imran 3, V- 185—“The comfort/wealth of this world is nothing but illusion” and then accentuated in SurahTawba 9, V-38—“Wealth of this world is but (of) little (value) in the hereafter” The underlying message therefore, is that though children are love of life but having them entail responsibilities and if not fulfilled  would render them of little value. Then again, to strike a balance between love and responsibility, in Surah Munafiquun (hypocrites) 64, V-9 an emphatic warning is given “O believers let not your passions and your children distract/divert you from God’s remembrance” (passions–for worldly allurements and children).

Necessarily beneficial.

Two Surahs quoted hereunder emphatically explain the notion of “Necessarily beneficial”. Surah Luqman 31, V-33 says- “and fear a day when no father will suffice his son and no son will suffice his father in the least” & in Surah Toor 52, V-21 it is said- “and those who believe and their seeds follow them in faith, we cause their seeds to join them-(in Paradise)-we deprive them not of their life’s work”

On Judgment day various modes of intercession would be operative. One of which is between parents and children. Surah Luqman 31, V- 33 refers to the situation where either the father or his progeny is not a believer. This mode of intercession, in such a case, would become inoperable and the acquisition of “Necessarily Beneficial” lost. The requirement for this privilege is the continuity of “faith” & “Blood line”.

“Necessarily Beneficial” status could best be described as (1) it gives one the access to Paradise despite lacking in his/her record of good deeds (2) it ensures the continuation of  “Faith” down the generational line (3) Allah does not want to deprive believers of their life’s work.

A subtle point deserving our attention, which could very well be appreciated by the people of understanding, is that Allah chose the word “Walad” for the first part of the verse and “Mawluud” for the second part. Most-probable reason is that “son” is a common noun and represents any son, whereas “mawluud” specifies the one borne out of the lion of a father in question. Cascading or opposite benefit of intercession would continue being available, as long as the blood line and faith continuity is maintained.

A “Son” may be entitled to temporal “Expediently Beneficial” status regardless of the requisites whereas “Necessarily Beneficial” status would only be available when above mentioned particular mode of intercession is operative meeting the requisites. It may be further clarified that the first beneficence is of universal/secular nature whereas the second one is of specific/religious nature.

Another even more subtle hint given, through this order of selection, most probably, is that:–Father’s (parents) love for his progeny, evidently, is more intense than that of the progeny’s for the parents. Therefore the possibility of bringing the benefit by a father to his son is proportionately more, than the son—who is born out of his lion. (Parent’s instinctively passionate love—a blessing for the progeny but cause of warning for them)

Note;-Curious minds might wonder, why Mother has been absent in this whole discourse? There are several probabilities 1- Mother, essentially being part and parcel of the family unit, is inevitably represented when Qura’an talks about father as a family-head. 2- Traditional family Lineage is represented by the father figure-head. 3- Intensity of Mother’s love sure surpasses that of father and progeny but hierarchal position preceded by the father is preserved without supersession for family-head and blood line reasons. 4) Similarly elation of mother’s status of “having paradise under her feet” is not allowed to be infringed by father’s family-head position. God Knows best.

(If there is any inadvertent shortcoming or misrepresentation, it is squarely mine, the author of this piece, earnestly seeking Allah’s guidance and forgiveness)

Why Muslims are Shari’a averse?

February 12, 2011

Shari’a Law is based on Qura’an, Hadith, and Sunnah ( the practices and verdicts of Prophet Mohammad-PBUH); which all Muslims, regardless of sect and persuasion, are supposed to follow. Despite its canonical status in Islamic theology, there is not a single Muslim Dominated state where it is practiced in its letter and spirit. Even Saudi Arabia, which is often, erroneously, presumed a Shari’a Law state, is severely deficient in its application.

The result is that out of 54 Muslim dominated, so called Islamic states, there is not a single Islamic state practicing the Islamic Laws in its entirety. In Islamic theology, unlike Christian doctrine, there is no concept of separation of religion and State. Some countries, such as Pakistan, are deceptively running two parallel judicial systems, to pacify/suppress the criticism of the conservative segments of the societies. This segment, for political compulsions, is often, slanderously dubbed as extremists Salafis or Wahabis. These groups, in the face of negative connotations, are generally very small and lacking a cohesive strategy for the propagation of their religious doctrines.

There is an elaborate history behind this strange aversion to Shari’a by Muslims. The love-hate situation of this Islamic legal code has weathered several phases.

After the death of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), there was a blank or dark period of several hundred years. There was no work done on the collection or arrangement of the prophetic traditions (Ahadith). When it started: despite the best process employed: for sorting out the most reliable/authentic ahadith, the skepticism could not be obviated, especially among different sects of Islam, which had emerged in this period. Most of the religious division and sectarian problems stemmed from this period.

This lack of across the board acceptance of authentic Ahadith resulted in the weakening of the institution of shari’a. Ir-repairable damage was done by the division of Muslims in various sects; especially the Shia’a/Sunni; who opted to go with their own set of collection of Ahadith.

Another factor which halted the process of re-invigoration or the organic re-alignment of the religious norms (in the light of Hadith and Sunnah ) happened to be the suspension of Ijtihad (thoughtful intellectualization of the Islamic code of Law) until recently. (Though in Shi’a sect this process continued on a much smaller scale; since the Shi’a sect has always been very small in number)

A very potent propaganda against the Shari’a Law came from the Christendom. Upon deep analysis it transpires that the psychological trauma, suffered by the Christendom at the hands of Muslims, gave rise to a sense of religious and cultural inferiority; which culminated in this all out aggression against the Shari’a, the bedrock of Islamic system.

On the other hand, however, west came out of the slumber of dark-ages due to the Muslim’s splendor and enlightenment, which also challenged the core ethos of Christianity reducing them to fallacies. Muslim’s conquest of the Europe therefore, is being paid in kind.

The West, not only came up with various maligning, misleading propaganda techniques also, cunningly unsuspectingly dissuaded the Muslim elites from following the Shari’a Law.

Muslims failed, to counter these distortions from an intellectually mature standpoint, and resorted only to whining and complaining. They succumbed to these distortions due to their intellectual, educational, religious slumber, which had set in among the Muslims. Westerners, on the other hand, continued developing in educational, industrial and technological areas; which steeped Muslims further into the sense of inferiority complex. The reasons for this Muslim regressive mentality were many, few of which are elaborated below.

Morally bankrupt Muslims started taking refuge/pride in so-called modernized/westernized elitism. Devoid of piety and full of lust for worldly gains became their hallmark, It rendered them morally and spiritually weak, thus scared of harsh punishment meted out under Shari’a Law. The aversion to the Shari’a Law developed out of created fear.

Westernization, under the disguise of modernization, was adopted with regressive mentality and inferiority complex. This dark period, eras of dynastic courtships and blind loyalties; especially resulted in scuttling the organic progression of science, philosophy, ijtihad, religious and secular education. This un-naturally cultivated behavior, in contrast to natural egalitarianism, pushed the Muslims into inferiority complex and crisis of identity.

The emergence of Kamal Atta-Turk, Jamal Abdul Nasir, Mohammad Abdu and Sir Sayyed Ahmed Khan, on the Muslim Horizon, is the result of this regressive, inferiority complex ridden mentality. They immensely damaged the Muslim Nation. It created two classes of the followers; one is Modern, west educated, anti-Islamic in essence. other is: oppressed, deprived, economically left out but eager and willing to follow the Shari’a Law in letter and spirit. All the deprivations made him bold and religious enough to be a die-hard follower of Shari’a law, as the only way of salvation in this world and the hereafter. He made it his article of faith and hope.

The first one, maintains a social status in society, generally laced with secular education and well resourced, but often devoid of religious education. This so called Elite, Westernized/Modernized class exhibits avid reluctance, doubt, disregard, and in some instances outright rejection, of this Islamic Code of Law. This class looks down upon religious education and people despite being proud of calling themselves Muslim. A Crisis of Identity, double standard and hypocritical stance.

West has successfully created a parallel man-made code of justice, which is in stark contradiction and negation of Divine justice.

The distinction between the two codes is that the former is devoid of compassion. It seeks out the proof of fault to punish. The Divine justice, on the contrary, exhausts all possible means to give the benefit of the doubt to forgive and the punishment is rendered, as a last resort, in absolute situations when there is no shade of doubt left. For example, in the case of adultery, there is a mandatory requirement of four witnesses; which in normal circumstances is almost impossible to present. In the case of a killing, the litigation under Shari’a Law, is between the killer and the relatives of the victim. If the relatives of the victim forgive the killer there is no punishment awarded.

Under the Man-made Law, however even if the relatives of the victim forgives, the State will not absolve the killer of the crime and he/she would yet be punished. (That is probably why man-made Law is called Blind; since its application is mechanical instead of humane and compassionate)

The point here is that the propaganda of inhumane, harsh punishments rendered under the shari’a law is absolutely out of place and misleading. I will end this piece with one narrative. In the time of one of the four companions of Prophet Mohammad, someone was caught stealing and held liable for severance of one of his hands. The Punishment could not be carried out, as the ruler of the time (the companion of the Prophet) failed to provide the opportunities which would have prevented the compulsion of stealing. The ruler instead was held liable for the circumstances and the punishment was rescinded.

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