Posts Tagged ‘supererogatory prayer’

Are Qiyam-ul-Lail and Taraweeh the same? Is it allowed to pray both Taraweeh with Vitr and Qiyam-ul-Lail at the last ten days of Ramadan? 

June 1, 2019

Image result for pic of Qiyam-ul-Layl congregation?

Originally Answered on Quora.com on Jun 10th, 2018 

Qayam-ul-Lail—-could be established any night. Not only in the month of Ramadan. Qiyam-ul-Lail, in the mosques, normally starts around 2.30 A.M or so. [For, Allah (SWT) advised in Qura’an for the latter part of the night] (One may, however, continue praying/worshiping/doing Zikr, etc, after the Taraweeh to get the reward of both). 

SUNNAH: Aisha (R.A) reported: With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, The Prophet used to tighten his waist belt (for the night prayers) and used to pray the whole night, and used to keep his family members also awake busy praying. [BUKHARI]

Tahjjud: [Another name for Qayam-ul-Lail] may also be offered following the same “Vitar” rule mentioned hereinbelow.

Vitr however, either should not be offered after Taraweeh and offered at the end of the Qayam-ul-Lail. If offered after Taraweeh then should not be repeated after the Qayam-ul-Lail. {Vitr, per hadith, ought not to be repeated but offered only once in a night}.

AHADITH “Make the last of your prayer at night Vitr.” Narrated by al-Bukhari, 998; Muslim, 749. “There should not be two Vitr in one night.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 470; al-Nasaa’i, 1679; Abu Dawood, 1439. Classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 7567.

Taraweeh is a recommended congregational Prayer specific to the month of Ramadan only. 

Read:-Taraweeh 

What is I’tikaf in Islam? What does one have to do during an I’tikaf? 

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Taraweeh

June 4, 2018

Lantern, Ramadan, Tea, Egypt

An especially congregated, supererogatory prayer in the month of “Ramadan” It is, although, not obligatory but is immensely reward-worthy.

 Among many things that a Muslim would do during the month of Ramadan, is offering the Taraweeh after the “Iftar” (ending of the day-long fasting). The word Taraweeh comes from Tarweeha; literally means “to rest” in between the four “Rakah” segment of the prayer; for it is normally a long sequential of 20 “Rakah” offered every night, so that the whole Qura’an is recited within the month of Ramadan.

According to a Hadith:

Prophet (PBUH) offered Taraweeh in his mosque the first night and was joined by a couple of people. Next night he was joined by a fair number of people. The third night he looked through the door and saw mosque full of people, therefore, decided not to come out. When asked about it, he said he do not wish this prayer (Taraweeh) to become obligatory for his people. He then decided to offer it at home to preserve its supererogatory status.   [Bukhari: 6113]

Taraweeh continued to be prayed in Prophet’s mosque after that in several small groups. Caliph Umer (R.A) then suggested a single congregation lead by Ubay Ibn Kaab. Ubay (R.A) was one of the best Qura’an reciters amongst the Prophet’s (PBUH) companions. The reason behind it was to remove the apparent show of division in the community.

He himself, however, neither led nor joined the Taraweeh congregation for he used to lead the obligatory prayers hence do not want to create the impression of it being obligatory. Upon observing the one congregational Taraweeh prayer he termed it a “Fair-bida’a”

This incident marks the beginning of the congregational Taraweeh prayer which is although not obligatory but is still immensely reward-worthy.

Abu Dharr (R.A) reports that The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:

“Whoever stands with the Imam until he finishes, it is equivalent to spending the whole night in prayer.” (Ibn Khuzaymah 3:337)

The Reason, Why Taraweeh Prayer is Important?

According to Abu Hurairah (R.A), the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to urge (the people) to perform (supererogatory) Taraweeh prayer at night during the month of Ramadan. He did not, however, declare it to be obligatory saying:

“Whosoever performs (supererogatory Taraweeh) prayers at night during the month of Ramadan, with Faith and in the hope of receiving Allah’s reward, will have his past sins forgiven.” (Muslim 9:1188)

As for as the forgiveness of the past sins is concerned; the reward of offering Taraweeh continuously; during the whole month of Ramadan, is said to be equivalent to performing a Hajj. Ramadan is the month in which Allah (SWT) rewards all good deeds in multitude.

Let us then avail this opportunity by standing with the Imam, listening to the Holy Quran, and get rewarded for the whole night long prayer.

Many people pray just 8+3(Vitar)=11 Rakah which is perfectly permissible, due to the consensus of the scholars (ijma’a) as well as Allah (SWT) being pleased upon His slaves making use of a concession. The Prophet (PBUH) has also not specified any number for the night (Taraweeh) prayer. Curtailing it (to 8-rakah), may, however, make one lose the “whole night long prayer’s reward”.

Read: https://shakir2.wordpress.com/2019/05/27/what-is-itikaf-in-islam-what-does-one-have-to-do-during-an-itikaf/


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